Second graders continue to develop their reading skills as they learn to read more complex words and read longer, more complex texts in a variety of genres, such as fiction, non-fiction, and poetry. They also develop their reading comprehension skills as they talk about what they read and use it for developing and presenting further ideas. In addition, 2nd graders continually practice their reading skills as they read for other subjects they learn throughout the day.
In order to build reading skills, your 2nd grader:
- Reads more complex words such as two-syllable words.
- Reads words with common prefixes and suffixes, for example: pre-, re-, un-, -able, -ad, and -er.
- Reads grade-appropriate irregularly spelled words (consult your child’s teacher for a specific list of these words).
- Reads a variety of texts including fiction, non-fiction, fables, and poetry.
- Understands the structure of a story, specifically the purpose of beginnings (introducing the text) and endings (concluding the text).
- Understands the most important details of a text: its main purpose and the “who”, “what,” “where,” “when,” “why,” and “how” of a text.
- Talks about characters’ responses, main events, the lessons in texts, and important ideas or concepts.
- Begins to make connections within and between texts.
- Compares at least two different versions of the same story, such as two versions of a classic fairy tale.
- Reads at grade-level with correct accuracy, pace, expression, and comprehension.
- Self-corrects mistakes and re-reads when necessary.
- Make a “W” Chart: While you and your child read books together, or while your child reads a book by herself, make a “W” chart. Fill out the "who," "what," "when," "where," "why," and "how" of the book as they are learned.
- Pay Attention to Prefixes and Suffixes: When you or your child uses a word with a prefix or suffix, stop to talk about it. Break down the word and talk about what the prefix or suffix and the root word mean together. Think of other words that have that suffix or prefix. You can also write the word out on two separate cards, with the prefix on one and the root word on the other and make new words with the cards. Write down the different words with prefixes and suffixes you and your child use.
- Make Up Your Own Version of a Story: After your child reads a story, make up your own version, changing details such as setting, time, or even the ending. You can change the story so it occurs in places or with characters you know. This helps your child understand story structure and make comparisons. Alternatively, make up your own version of a fairy tale or known story.
- Play Time: Act out a favorite picture book or part from a chapter book. Use the book as a script, playing the different characters and narrators. You can even put on a performance for friends and family.