Young kids are naturally creative. They run, play, color, paint, and dress up with abandon. Arts educator Elena Caravela of Summit, New Jersey, encourages parents to let this carnival of childhood creativity run free, and shares some tips to encourage exploration and discovery. In a spirit of playfulness and fun, here are her Cardinal Rules for Parents:
1. Lower your standards of cleanliness and order. For the most part, kids aren't neat. Give them an area where they can make a mess and don't have to clean up right away. (Think garage, basement, outdoors.)
2. Encourage each creative effort regardless of outcome. Never criticize a child's art. Do not impose "sense" on a child's pictures. At the same time, don't give false praise. "Tell me about that" is always a good starting point.
3. Be a family that reads and tells stories. Encourage kids to make drawings to go with their stories and stories to go with their drawings.
4. Encourage your children to hang upside down or to look at a reflection in a mirror. Acknowledge that there are many ways of looking at things and several good ideas or solutions to a problem, not just one "correct" answer.
5. Point out shadows, light, patterns, and colors in the world, and revel in them yourself. Look at the sky, the clouds, the waves, the wind in the trees. Ask your child to close his eyes, listen, and report what he hears.
6. Give your child the gift of unstructured time. OK, you might have to schedule this downtime, but create opportunities for your child to daydream and "do nothing" without the distraction of a TV, computer, or video game.
7. Help her enjoy and savor the creative process. Finishing a work of art quickly is not the goal. Let a project sit, and come back to it for a fresh perspective.
8. Provide toys that encourage open-ended play and individual expression instead of kits that lead children to a required outcome.
9. Ditch traditional coloring books in favor of a big pad of paper and crayons. Or try an open-ended book like Scribbles: A Really Giant Drawing and Coloring Book by Taro Gomi, where simple lines spur the creative process. Other options: start a simple drawing, and ask your child to finish it.
10. Encourage each creative effort your child makes, regardless of outcome.
11. Use nontraditional materials to make a work of art. Pour birdseed in your driveway and let the kids manipulate it. Fill the wading pool with sand. Give kids empty toilet paper and paper-towel rolls and a roll of masking tape and see what they create.
12. Banish awards and competitions for kids younger than 8. Let your child know that participation is more important than rewards.
13. Point out and show your admiration for all kinds of artists working today. Let your child know that you think there is an important place for artists in the world.