By the End of Sixth Grade, Your Tween Will Be Expected to:
- Cite evidence to support analysis and draw inferences from a text.
- Determine the meanings of words and phrases, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.
- Integrate information from different sources (for example, an article and a chart).
- Describe how a plot of a story unfolds in episodes.
- Compare and contrast texts in different forms (drama and poetry, for example) that cover the same theme.
By the End of Seventh Grade, Your Tween Will Be Expected to:
- Determine two or more central ideas in a text and explain their development.
- Compare and contrast audio and multimedia interpretations of a text.
- Analyze the reasoning of authors and the evidence that supports their claims.
- Compare fiction and nonfiction from the same time period.
- Analyze the elements of poetry, drama, and multimedia presentations.
By the End of Eighth Grade, Your Teen Will Be Expected to:
- Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing and speaking.
- Analyze how a text uses comparisons, analogies, or categories.
- Analyze the structure of a paragraph and the rhetorical purpose of different sentences.
- Analyze texts that present conflicting information on the same topic.
- Contrast modern and classic stories with similar themes.
Don’t Be Concerned if These Skills Develop Erratically, Unless Your Teen:
- Reads very slowly with many inaccuracies.
- Continues to spell inaccurately; spells the same word in several different ways.
- Avoids reading and writing.
- Has poor memory skills.
- Has difficulty with planning, organizing and managing time, materials, and tasks.
For more information on learning disabilities, visit the National Center for Learning Disabilities.
Just as your teen is now asserting her independence and also negotiating a new world, she is also starting a new world of responsibility in middle school. If you are feeling chagrined at the quality of your teen’s reading choices, suggest alternatives, but consider letting him choose his own books. Kids and teens like choosing their own books — 89% say their favorite books are the ones they picked out themselves.
In most elementary schools, students have just one main teacher for the year. In middle school, your teen will likely have a different teacher for each subject. Each teacher deals with hundreds of students. It can be easy for your young learner to slip through the cracks.
At this age, your preteen should be reading history and science books, exploring the world of research on the web — and using these sources for school assignments. She should feel confident using dictionaries, glossaries, and reading diagrams and charts. If you have concerns about your teen’s reading progress, address them as soon as you can. Why? If her reading skills are not on level, she will not be able to achieve her potential in most of her subjects.
For students who need help catching up with reading skills, schools in your district may offer reading intervention programs, such as Scholastic’s READ 180. A good intervention program can bring up reading scores up by several grade levels over the course of a single year. Then, your teen can rejoin her peers and succeed. Intervention does work.
Preparing for “Real Life Reading”
In school, your teen will be challenged to read literature, social studies, and science texts. However, students learn about “real-life” text forms mostly at home. Show and discuss cell phone and credit card bills, tax and insurance forms, medicine labels, and online “user agreements,” GPS instructions, and car registration.