Use these teaching resources to celebrate Chinese New Year, a 15-day holiday ending with the Lantern Festival and the Dragon Dance.
Fun China Facts
- Official Name: People´s Republic of China
- Capital: Beijing
- Highest Point: Mt. Everest (29,035 feet)
- Biggest City: Shanghai
- First Made in China: Paper, fireworks, kites, yo-yos, the abacus, playing cards
Begin your unit by sharing this statistic: China has a population of about 1.3 billion. This means that if your class represented the earth's total population, 25% of students would be from China! With this number in mind, ask children to guess what is the world's most widely celebrated holiday. Have students practice their calendar-reading skills to find the answer: Chinese New Year.
The Chinese dragon represents wisdom, strength, benevolence, and good fortune. Invite your students to learn more about this symbol by creating a miniature version of a Chinese dragon and reading stories about dragons. Begin by passing out the Dragon Symbolism Reproducible, featured below. Have students decorate their dragons with bright colors and glitter. Next help kids to fold a piece of 8" x 11" paper in half vertically and cut along the fold. Accordion-fold each piece and join together to create the animal's body. Attach the head at one end and the tail at the other. Tape chopsticks to the head and tail. Use your puppets as props for a read aloud of A Time of Golden Dragons by Song Nan Zhang.
New Year's Eve Games
On New Year's Eve, Chinese children stay up late playing games. Host your own celebration with these mini-activities.
- Dominoes: Ask kids to create patterns with dominoes, first invented in China 1,000 years ago. Then have them remove a domino, challenging a partner to fill in the hole.
- Cards: Have students draw a playing card (a 9th-century Chinese invention) and write a story starring that card's number or figure.
- Jianzi: Ancient jianzi is similar to today's hacky sack. Challenge kids to keep a beanbag jianzi in the air, no hands allowed.
With this activity, children will learn about Chinese currency, the yuan, and make a red packet, a traditional New Year's gift of money. First have students visit ChinaTour.com to see what Chinese currency looks like. They will find that most notes show farmers and workers from different ethnic groups, which symbolizes the union of different Chinese cultures. Next challenge small groups to design their own bills using symbols to represent your class. When finished, have each child fold a piece of red construction paper into an envelope shape. Copy the groups' bills to put into students' red packets. Use the packets to practice counting, making change, and other math skills!
Landscape Scroll Paintings
Introduce Chinese geography by inviting students to make landscape paintings. First share the images of places like the Himalayan Mountains and the Great Wall in Alison Behnke's China in Pictures. Next share the scroll paintings featured on Thavibu Gallery’s website. Help kids follow these steps to make their own paintings:
- Dip a brush pen into water, blot on a towel, dip the pen into ink, and blot again.
- Paint on white paper. Do not sketch first; landscapes are traditionally done quickly.
- Mount the painting on construction paper. Secure a flat stick at the top and bottom and attach a piece of string for hanging.
To extend, have students draw mini-versions of their paintings on sticky notes and post on a map in the approximate location where their landscapes might be found.
Invite children to try their hands at Chinese calligraphy and create chun lian, special New Year's decorations. Begin by passing out the Chinese Calligraphy Reproducible, featured below. Then give each child a square of red paper. Have kids fleck their papers with gold crayon, then use black paint to copy one of the characters from the Chinese Calligraphy Reproducible on their chun lian. The squares of paper should be turned to be diamond-shaped. Post the messages around your classroom door to greet visitors, as is traditional.
Fifteen days after Chinese Lunar New Year, Chinese families traditionally parade to a public place with lanterns in hand for a feast and riddle-guessing games. Another tradition during the Lantern Festival is the Dragon Dance performed by young men carrying a large cloth or paper dragon and dancing through the streets to the cheers of onlookers.
To mark the end of your unit, students can make their own lanterns and write riddles about China for review. To make a lantern, roll a piece of lightweight yellow paper into a long cylinder and tape it. Then fold a piece of red paper that is the same size in half. Draw a line about 1" from the unfolded edge and make cuts about 1/2" apart from the folded edge to the line. Open the paper, wrap the uncut ends around the yellow cylinder, and then glue it on. Cut one more strip of red paper and attach it to the top as a handle. Next, have students brainstorm one fact they have learned about China and on a note card write a riddle based on that fact. Then invite children to parade through the school with their lanterns and gather back in your classroom for a riddle-review game with their questions.
This article was originally published in the January/February 2005 issue of Instructor.