### Lesson Plan

# How to Convert Percentages

Students will understand key features of percentages and how to convert them to equivalent decimals and fractions.

Grades

6–8

Duration

20 MINUTES

### Quick links to lesson materials:

### Objectives

**Students will:**

- Convert percentages to equivalent decimals and fractions
- Learn how to set up and solve proportions

### Materials

- Conversions Rock Worksheet: Show Me the Money With Percentages printable
- Conversions Rock Bonus Worksheet: Time and Money: It's a Matter of Math printable
- Answer Key: Conversions Rock Worksheets printable

- Standards Chart: Conversions Rock printable

### Set Up

- Make a class set of the Conversions Rock Worksheet: Show Me the Money With Percentages printable and the Conversions Rock Bonus Worksheet: Time and Money: It's a Matter of Math printable.
- Print a copy of the Answer Key: Conversions Rock Worksheets printable for your use.

### Lesson Directions

### Introduction to New Material

**Step 1:** Ask students where they have seen percentages in their everyday lives. Answers might include merchandise on sale, stock market share price increases and decreases, test scores, etc.

**Step 2**: Give an example of a test score, say 93 correct answers out of 100 questions. Ask the class what the percentage of correct answers on the test is (93%). Remind students that *percent* literally means "out of 100." So 93%, for example, is 93 out of 100.

**Step 3:** Tell the class that there are situations that call for converting a percentage to a fraction. For example, if you have a problem with a mix of fractions and percentages and need to add them, it might be easier to convert the percentages to fractions. Convert a percentage to a fraction by making the percentage into the numerator of a fraction with 100 as the denominator, i.e., 93% is 93/100. In another example, 80% could be converted to a fraction by creating a fraction with 80 in the numerator and 100 in the denominator. The next step is to express the fraction in simplest terms, in this case 4/5.

**Step 4:** Tell students that it is also possible to convert a percentage to a decimal by dividing the percentage by 100. This always results in the decimal point moving two places to the left. For example, 20% = 20 ÷ 100 = 0.2.

**Step 5: **Tell the students that percentages aren’t always nice, neat whole numbers. For example, suppose you want to convert 37.5% to a fraction and a decimal. To convert to a decimal, drop the % sign and divide by 100, i.e., move the decimal point two places to the left, resulting in a decimal of 0.375. Say the name of the decimal, i.e., three hundred seventy-five thousandths, to make it easier to convert to a fraction of 375/1,000.

**Step 6:** Percentages can also be used to express part of a whole, just like fractions and decimals. For example, if you read in an article that 35% of 400 people surveyed said they like rock music, how many people like rock music? To determine the answer, set up the proportion 35/100 = *x*/400. Solving for *x*, the number of people who like rock music is 140. A simpler way of completing the calculation is to convert the percentage to a decimal (35% converts to 0.35) and multiplying the decimal by the number of people surveyed, i.e., 0.35 x 400 = 140.

**Step 7: **Tell students that they can also use proportions to calculate percentages. For example, if 450 students out of 1,000 own a fitness tracker, what percentage of students own one? To calculate a percentage, the goal is to arrive at a ratio with 100 as the denominator. Set up a proportion equation where 450/1,000 = *x*/100. *x*= 45 or 45%.

### Guided Practice

**Step 8: **Group students into pairs and ask them to convert 30%, 95%, and 12.5% to fractions and decimals.

**30%**= 30/100 (3/10 in simplest terms) = 0.30**95%**= 95/100 (19/20 in simplest terms) = 0.95**12.5%**= 125/1000 (1/8 in simplest terms) = 0.125

### Independent Practice

**Step 9: **Distribute the Conversions Rock Worksheet: Show Me the Money With Percentages printable for students to complete as classwork or homework.

**Step 10: Check for Understanding:** Review worksheet answers with the class using the Answer Key: Conversions Rock Worksheets printable.

**Step 11:** For additional reinforcement or practice, distribute Conversions Rock Bonus Worksheet: Time and Money: It's a Matter of Math printable. Review worksheet answers with the class using the Answer Key: Conversions Rock Worksheets printable.

### Lesson Extensions

### Real-World Math Extensions

One or both extensions could be used in conjunction with any of the three lessons in the Conversions Rock unit, as the teacher sees fit.

- Ask students if they can think of professions that involve math. Discuss with students what an
*actuary*is. Actuaries use statistics in their job to calculate risks for many different industries, and they look at data in terms of fractions, decimals, and percentages. Actuaries also use ratios and proportions in predicting the likelihood of events. For example, by analyzing past experience, an insurance company determines that 1 in every 20 drivers will have an accident in a given year. If they insure 10,000 drivers this year, the insurance company can plan ahead and put aside money to pay for 500 accidents (based on the proportion 1/20 = 500/10,000).

- The Series of Unfortunate Events books contain types of events for which actuaries may estimate the likelihood of occurring. For example, they may find that 1/3 of all skiers have accidents. Or that 40% of all skydivers injure their feet. Or 0.20 of all residents in a Kansas town have experienced tornado damage. Can you think of other events actuaries might analyze?

### Standards

**Grade 6:**Unit Rate (**CCSS**6.RP.A.2)**Grade 7:**Multi-Step Real-Life Problems With Fractions, Decimals, and Whole Numbers (**CCSS**7.EE.B.3)**Grade 6–8:**Making Sense of Problems, Reasoning, Constructing an Argument, Modeling, Using Appropriate Tools, Attending to Precision (**CCSS**MP1–6);**NCTM**Number and Operations (**CCSS**MP3–6);**NCTM**Number and Operations

For more information, download the comprehensive Standards Chart: Conversions Rock printable.