Use these lesson plans to provide students with a strong foundation for reading, writing, and using nonfiction.
- Gain an awareness and general understanding of what text structures are
- Learn what clues can identify the text structure of a piece of writing
- Text Structures Chart printable, one copy per student
- Nonfiction Text: Stopping a Toppling Tower printable, one copy per student
Make class sets of the Text Structures Chart and the Nonfiction Text: Stopping a Toppling Tower printables.
Step 1: Distribute the Text Structures Chart printable and explain what text structures are and what clues students can use to identify text structures.
Step 2: Help students understand the importance of understanding text structure by explaining that a reader who is aware of the patterns that are being used can anticipate the kind of information that will be presented.
Example: If we know a selection follows a “compare and contrast” organization, we can expect to read about likeness and differences between people or things. This will help us connect ideas and remember them.
Step 3: Have students reread the "Stopping a Toppling Tower" article.
Step 4: Ask students to identify what type of text structure this selection is (problem and solution). Ask students, “How does the reader know?” They should be able to identify that the first paragraph states that there is a “problem.” The second paragraph states that engineers have found a “solution.” Which headings offered clues?