SKILLS: Children use math and science skills as they bake.
- chart paper and black marker
- baking sheet, measuring cups and spoons, large mixing bowl, spoons, sifter, rolling pins, cookie cutters
- ingredients: 7 oz. whole wheat flour, ½ tsp. salt, 3 tsp. baking powder, 2 oz. margarine, ½ cup milk, vegetable shortening
IN ADVANCE: Make a recipe chart together. Make whole wheat scones as follows:
1. Wash hands and tabletop
2. Sift flour, salt, and baking powder in a bowl
3. Add margarine and mix with hands
4. Add milk and mix again
5. Dust tabletop with flour
6. Roll dough )i-inch thick
7. Grease baking sheet
8. Use cookie cutters to cut circles
9. Place circles on baking sheet
10. Bake at 425° for 15 minutes
1 Hang the recipe chart at children's eye level. Together, gather ingredients and utensils and put everything out on a table. Take time to examine each ingredient. Invite a child to pour some whole wheat flour into a clear plastic container. Pass the container around so everyone has a chance to look, smell, touch, and taste a bit of flour. Encourage children to talk about their previous baking experiences.
2 With children, complete the remaining recipe steps. Help them read and perform each step. Before adding each ingredient, ask them to predict how it might change the look, smell, feel, or taste of the batter. Encourage them to test their predictions. (When taste-testing, allow children only small bites.)
3 You might also compare whole wheat flour to white flour. Put out two containers, one with whole wheat flour, the other with white flour. Invite children to analyze and compare the two flours. Show them a picture or, if possible, an actual piece of wheat and explain that whole wheat flour is made from the entire wheat grain, making it more nutritious for us to eat.
For younger children: Offer children a variety of cookie-cutter shapes to use when cutting the dough. Discuss the different shapes with children as they work and once the scones are baked.
For older children: Take a field trip to a grocery store, searching for items made from whole wheat flour as well as white flour.
Remember: Children like to taste foods as they cook. Have extra ingredients on hand in separate containers just for that purpose. Practice kitchen safety. Children might be ready to watch (from a safe distance) as you set the oven temperature, place the baking pan in the oven, set a timer, and remove the cooked scones. However, always overemphasize the need for safety and adult supervision in a kitchen.
Have a tea party in the dramatic-play area. Provide fancy hats and gloves to wear to the "formal" event. Tell children that scones are a traditional teatime treat. Enjoy the scones and "tea" (juice or water). Remind children to use their best manners for this special affair!
Bread Comes to Life by George Levenson
Monsieur Saguette and His Baguette by Frank Asch
Wheat (Social Studies Emergent Readers) by Susan Canizares