Use these teaching resources to introduce students to the Underground Railroad, a covert network of former slaves, free black men and women, Northern abolitionists, and church leaders who helped fugitive slaves escape to freedom.
About This Author
Elisa Carbone devotes much time to researching the historical facts that are the basis for her novels. Her passion for North Carolina Outer Banks, which is the setting for Storm Warriors, began with windsurfing and increased when she learned about the fascinating history of the Outer Banks. Her love of history is also evident in Stealing Freedom, an ALA Best Book for Young Adults. Elisa Carbone divides her time between West Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina. She is also the author of the highly acclaimed novel Starting School with an Enemy .
In the Classroom
The historical setting, the very real characters, and the strong sense of story make these novels by Carbone excellent choices for read-aloud or class novel study. Please note that these books do not need to be discussed together. Each title represents strong content that can be taught independent of one another, but the themes in both are similar enough to conduct a dual book study.
Discussion questions related to the themes of courage, freedom, prejudice and bigotry, and family offer students the opportunity to think about the tough choices that African Americans faced in the 1800s during pre- and post-Civil War times. This guide also offers activities that link the language arts, social studies, science, music, and art curriculum.
Stealing Freedom is set before the Civil War, and Storm Warriors is set post-Civil War in the late 1800s. Engage students in a discussion regarding the treatment of African Americans during these times. Ask them to make a split-screen collage that contrasts the way African Americans lived pre- and post-Civil War. Encourage them to use photocopied pictures, writing, quotations, etc. in their collages.
Courage: In Stealing Freedom, Ann wonders, "which required more courage: to be a fugitive, or to be the one to help the fugitive to safety." (p. 213) Engage the class in a discussion about the courage it took for both parties.
Ask students to consider which required more courage in Storm Warriors: to be the rescuer or the rescued? Nathan says, "I know it takes courage to meet a storm head on. . . ." (p. 74, Storm Warriors) Compare and contrast Ann and Nathan's courage. What is Ann's "storm"?
Freedom: Ask students to explain what AnnÃs father means when he says, "Anyone born a slave gets their freedom stolen the day theyÃre born." (p. 19, Stealing Freedom) What is the irony in the phrase "stealing freedom"? When Ann is in hiding at Mr. Bigelow's house, she says, "How strange it felt to be free and yet to be a prisoner." (p. 163, Stealing Freedom)
Compare Ann's feeling to Nathan's in Storm Warriors. What is Nathan's prison? Figuratively, how does Nathan have to steal his freedom?
Prejudice and Bigotry: Stealing Freedom is set pre-Civil War when mistreatment of African Americans was overt, whereas Storm Warriors is set post-Civil War when racial prejudice was present but less obvious. How might Nathan's Grandpa identify with the bigotry that Ann feels in Stealing Freedom?
Have the class read the "Author's Note" at the end of Storm Warriors. How did racial prejudice and bigotry contribute to the fact that the keeper and the crew of the Pea Island Life-Saving Station weren't honored with the Gold Life-Saving Medal until 100 years later?
Family: Ask students to discuss how the Weems family in Stealing Freedom has a stronger sense of family than the Price family. Define the term "extended family." How do the people involved with the Underground Railroad become a surrogate family to Ann? Describe Nathan's family in Storm Warriors. Discuss how the surfmen on Pea Island might be considered an extended family for Nathan.
Language Arts: In pre-Civil War days, it was against the law to teach a slave to read. Ann learns to read when she tends to Sarah, a relative of Master Charles and Mistress Carol. Read Nightjohn or Sarny: A Life Remembered by Gary Paulsen. Write a letter that Ann might write to Nightjohn or Sarny commending them for their work in teaching African Americans to read.
In Storm Warriors, Nathan feels extremely close to his grandfather. He listens to his grandfatherÃs stories and wishes that his grandfather's dreams could have been fulfilled. Ask students to assume the role of Nathan and write a tribute to be read at his grandfather's funeral.
Social Studies: In Stealing Freedom, Ann travels by the Underground Railroad to Canada. Have students construct a map of Eastern United States and indicate the major routes of the Underground Railroad. Using clues from the novel, plot the route that Ann Weems possibly traveled.
The United States Life-Saving Service later became the United States Coast Guard. Ask students to research the history of the Coast Guard. Then have them develop a timeline of the work of the United States Coast Guard-from its birth on August 4, 1790, to the present.
Music: Ann Weems loves to sing. Ask students to locate and learn some of the African American work songs and spirituals that Ann may have sung. Also have students find seafaring songs that Nathan may have enjoyed in Storm Warriors.
Art: United States postage stamps often honor outstanding and courageous Americans. Have students find pictures of postage stamps that have honored African Americans. Then have them design a stamp that honors the Pea Island Life-Saving crew.
Science: The men at the Pea Island Life-Saving Station in Storm Warriors communicate using Morse code. Ask students to research Samuel Morse. How might Morse code be considered an early life-saving device? What signals and codes do ships and life-saving stations use today?
In Storm Warriors, Nathan takes books from the Life-Saving Station and learns about medical treatments that might be necessary in rescue missions. Have students research the type of first-aid materials that might have been available in the late 1890s. Then have them construct a first-aid kit that might be used in rescue missions today. How have first-aid measures changed in the past 100 years?
Prepared by Pat Scales, Director of Library Services, the South Carolina GovernorÃs School for the Arts and Humanities, Greenville, South Carolina.
Ask students to record unfamiliar words and try to define the words using clues from the context of the story. In Stealing Freedom, such words may include ferreting (p. 44), lecherous (p. 45), mulatto (p. 73), guano (p. 76), apparition (p. 97), placid (p.113), exorbitant (p. 158), and daguerreotype (p. 213).
In Storm Warriors, such words may include phantom (p. 15), vermilion (p. 18), resuscitation (p. 19), hypothermia (p. 72), vendue (p. 95), seine (p. 111), and rogue (p. 136).
Reviews for Stealing Freedom
*"A deftly crafted story with a strong, appealing heroine."--Starred, School Library Journal
*"Imaginatively and sensitively adapted from historical records, Stealing Freedom will evoke admiration for the courage of both those who resisted slavery and those who endured it."--Starred, Publishers Weekly
Review for Storm Warriors
"This is a beautifully told story, marked by convincing, distinctive characters and stirring descriptions of the surfmen's highly skilled and highly dangerous work."--School Library Journal