- Develop an understanding of the diversity that exists within Hispanic culture
- Apply critical-thinking skills to organize and use information acquired from a variety of valid sources
- Create a visual representation (Venn diagram) to present the information they gather
- Fact books about Hispanic countries, such as the Enchantment of the World series
- Country Fact Hunt Worksheet printable
- Computers with internet access for student use
- World map
- Poster board or card stock, one piece for each group of four students
- Optional: Venn Diagram Graphic Organizer printable
- Collect and set up the country fact books in the classroom. If you can find them, you should have books that cover the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, and Venezuela.
- Make copies of the Country Fact Hunt Worksheet printable for each pair of students.
- Complete or start a Country Fact Hunt Worksheet as an example using a country that you are not assigning to the students.
- Create Venn diagrams for each group of four students. Depending on how you want students to present or display the Venn diagrams, use poster board, card stock, or the Venn Diagram Graphic Organizer printable.
This project may be completed as one lesson or it can be divided into two parts over two days, stopping after Step 6 on the first day.
Step 1: Introduce Hispanic Heritage Month. (See the Introduction to Bring Hispanic Heritage Month to Life: A Collection of Resources.)
Step 2: Review the definition of "Hispanic."
Those identifying as Hispanic or Latino trace their ancestry to Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central and South America (excluding Brazil), or other Spanish cultures.
Step 3: Brainstorm a list of countries that are considered Hispanic. Record student responses and use the world map to help.
Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela
Step 4: Review with students the questions listed on the Country Fact Hunt Worksheet printable. Model how to locate an answer in a book and/or using the web.
Step 5: Divide students into pairs and assign (or let students choose) a country. Give each pair a Country Fact Hunt Worksheet printable.
Step 6: Give student pairs time to research and locate answers. Monitor and scaffold learning as needed.
Step 7: When students have completed the questions, call them to sit as a whole group. Explain to students that they are going to work with another pair that has a different country. The students will compare their country to the other country. Show students the Venn diagram posters and model how they will separate facts into the different categories: Country 1, Country 2, and Both Countries.
Step 8: Assign the pairs of students so they become groups of four. Each group will work together to complete the Venn diagram, comparing and contrasting the two countries.
Step 9: When students are finished, have them share their research findings with the class. As a class, discuss similarities and differences.
Step 10: After the presentations, ask students to write a brief summary of what they learned, including anything that they found interesting or that surprised them. Include major takeaways.
- Were students able to locate answers to the questions?
- Was student work organized and neat?
- Did students compare and contrast correctly?
- Read each student summary. Did each student find that there are several differences under the umbrella of Hispanic and that each country, while having some similarities, is unique?