Ready-To-Use Teaching Ideas: Cooking/Science
- carrots, lettuce, broccoli
- salad dressings
- sunflower seeds
- garbanzo beans
- large bowl
- paper, marker, glue
Objective: Children will develop fine-motor and vocabulary skills as they engage in a cooking activity to make a salad and learn about edible plant parts.
In Advance: Gather the food items listed above. On a large sheet of paper, write the words Root, Stem, Leaves, Seeds, Flower, Beans, and Sprouts. Find pictures in magazines that depict each food item.
1 Prior to making the salad, take children for a walk outdoors to observe plants. Engage them in conversations about the parts of the plants they are observing. Then observe indoor plants. Remind children that we do not eat these plants. Invite them to join you at a table. Place the food items in the middle of the table. Show children the list of plant parts. Read the list with them. Ask children if they know what parts of plants these words refer to.
2 Show children each of the food items on the table. Ask if they know what hart of a nlant the items are. You may need to provide children with information about each food. Invite them to take turns taping or gluing the picture of each food underneath the plant part depicted on the sheet of paper. Do they know any other types of foods that are parts of a plant? Record their responses under the appropriate headings.
3 Explain to children that they will assist in preparing a special salad using these different plant parts. Ask them to wash their hands. Older children can use plastic knives to cut celery. Younger children can tear lettuce and place it into a salad bowl. An adult can cut the carrots and broccoli as children prepare the other items. Keep each of the food items in separate containers. Have on hand a variety of salad dressings, including French, Italian, ranch, and other favorites. Place different salad dressings into small bowls for children to taste. 4 Invite children to help set the table. Place the containers of the different foods on the table to make a salad bar. Provide children with bowls and assist them as they create their own salads.
Art: Make Salad Bowls. Using a salt dough recipe or commercial self-hardening clay, invite children to create their own salad bowl. Provide children with a small plastic bowl to use as a mold. Assist children in rolling their clay and molding it over the bowl to create a bowl shape. Children can also make pinch-pot bowls by pressing their fingers into the middle of a ball of clay and molding the sides to make a bowl shape. Use a pencil to scratch each child's name into the clay. When the bowls have dried, provide children with nontoxic paint and brushes to decorate their bowls.