Ready-To-Use Teaching Ideas: SCIENCE
- colored paper
Objective: Children will investigate objects and develop observation skills as they work together to make a variety of rubbings.
1 Take a walk with children around a yard, park, or playground. Encourage them to look closely at the things around them and to talk about what they see. Invite children to touch the different objects and surfaces and to describe how each one feels. Is it smooth, bumpy, rough, or scratchy? Together, select three surfaces with distinct textures to make rubbings of, such as bark, gravel, pavement, wooden slats on a bench, bricks, or cracks in a sidewalk.
2 Pair each younger child with an older child, and give the pairs paper markers, crayons, and chalk. Have each pair make rubbings of the first surface selected. Show children how to place the paper on the area and then rub the writing implement across the paper. Ask older children to help younger ones. (If children have trouble holding the paper as they rub, they can tape it down.) Encourage children to experiment by making rubbings with different colors of paper and crayon, chalk, and markers.
3 Compare all the rubbings of the first surface. How are they similar and different? Can children tell which implement was used to make each rubbing? Compare the surfaces with their rubbings, and point out how the textures and patterns can be seen. Then have pairs make and compare rubbings of the other two surfaces, one at a time.
4 Back inside, work with children to tape the three sets of rubbings to separate large sheets of butcher paper. Hang the displays on the wall, and talk together about how the three rubbings are similar to and different from each other. Can children tell which surfaces were smooth, bumpy, rough, or scratchy? How can they tell?
Spin-Off: Take the rubbings off the displays and make a separate book for each set. Review each book and talk together about how the rubbings are the same and different.
See what children can observe and discover as you explore these books together:
Nature Spy by Shelley Romer
Sense Suspense by Bruce McMillan
What Joe Saw by Anna Grossnickle Hines