Ready-To-Use Teaching Idea: Science
- bars of soap grated into flakes
- large plastic bowls and several smaller bowls
- measuring cups
- manual or electric beater
- tempera paint
- cookie and clay cutters and molds
- oaktag or cardboard
Objective: Children will engage in an art activity to enhance science, math, and language concepts, as well as creative-thinking skills.
1. Place some soap flakes in a bowl and pass it around for children to touch. Ask them to describe how the flakes feel. Tell children not to smell or blow on the flakes so they won't go in their eyes or nose.
2. Invite one child to measure a half-cup of cold water in a measuring cup and then pour the water into a large plastic bowl. Ask children to predict what will happen when the flakes go in the water. Invite several children to measure and pour two cups of flakes into the water. Encourage them to describe what happens to the flakes.
3. Now ask them to predict what will happen to the mixture if they beat it. Beat the mixture until it becomes stiff. If using an electric mixer, an adult should hold the mixer with the child. Then, pass the bowl around and invite everyone to feel and describe the soap consistency. What caused the material to change and become stiff?
4. Divide the mixture into several smaller bowls and ask children to choose different colors of tempera paint to add to the mixtures. Encourage them to beat the colors into the mixture until well blended.
5. Now invite children to create something using the soap mixtures. Give them oaktag or small sheets of cardboard. Encourage them to experiment with different tools such as dough cutters, molds, and design presses. Ask the class to share their creations. Encourage them to notice the different ways each person used the tools.
Curriculum Connection: ART
Bubble Prints. Collect several disposable aluminum baking pans. Fill each pan halfway with water and approximately a half-cup of dishwashing liquid. Add several drops of food coloring to the mixture. Give each child a straw. Ask them to practice blowing into the straws and explain that they will blow into the water to see if they can make bubbles. Remind them not to suck in the soapy water. Now, invite them to place their straws in the water and blow until the colored bubbles rise above the container. They can place lightweight white paper gently on the bubbles to make beautiful bubble prints.
El Joban Hace Pampas/I Wonder Why Soap Makes Bubbles by Barbara Taylor
Soap! Soap! Don't Forget the Soap by Tom Birdseye
Soap Soup and Other Verses by Karla Kuskin