Ready-To-Use Teaching Ideas: Language
- Catalogs and magazines that have pictures of different types of large and small machines and appliances children would recognize
- Small basket or container
- Large sheets of paper (chart paper or newsprint)
- Oak tag and drawing paper
- Glue stick
- Markers and crayons
- Language and literacy skills
Cut out pictures of different machines, including construction machines, office machines, and appliances. Glue pictures onto sheets of oak tag, leaving space below the pictures to write the name of each machine.
Introduce the topic of machines during meeting time: Invite children to share what they already know about machines. Show children pictures of machines and ask them what they are called. Write the name of the machine under the picture. Encourage children to share what they know about each machine, and tell them the names and functions of machines they may not know. Place the pictures in a small basket and invite children to look at them during meeting time.
Review the machine pictures the following day: Prepare four separate sheets of paper with the following headings: Work Machines, Home Machines, Construction Machines, and School Machines.
Invite children to choose a picture and glue it under the appropriate heading: Photocopy pictures of common machines that can be found in a number of places such as the computer, which can be found in the home, classroom, or in a business setting.
Conclude the activity by inviting children to make a drawing of one of the machines: Record children's descriptions of the machine they drew. Invite everyone to share his or her work.
Machines at Home: Send home a sheet of drawing paper and ask children to draw a picture of a machine or appliance in their home. Ask parents to assist their child in dictating information about his/her drawing. Remind parents that pictures do not have to look like the actual machine or appliance.
Remember: Some children may not have had exposure to different types of machines and therefore lack the vocabulary to respond to questions until they gain enough knowledge of the topic.
CURRICULUM CONNECTION: MATH
Counting Machines: Ask children to identify and list the different types of machines at your school. When you return to the classroom, let children review their list and count the number of machines they saw. Which area of the school had the most machines? Which machine was the largest? Which was the smallest? Summarize what they have learned on chart paper.
Machines at Work by Byron Barton (HarperCollins Children's, 1997; $6.99)
The Post Office Book: Mail and How it Moves by Gail Gibbons (HarperCollins Publishing, 1986; $5.99)
Pull the Bulldozer by Victoria Hickle (Scholastic Inc., 2004; $5.99)