- empty plastic water bottles (small)
- dried beans or lentils, rice, and sand
- markers, crayons, paint
- paper lunch bags
- paper tubes
- wax paper
- tissue paper
- masking tape
Objective: Children will use a variety of materials to make shakers that will acquaint them with different rhythms and enhance their sensory awareness.
Children can make shakers from a variety of materials. Vary the contents of the shakers and the shaker containers to create different sounds. Then invite children to form their own shaker band!
1 Make paper bag shakers. Provide children with paper lunch bags, paint, brushes, or markers and crayons. Encourage children to decorate their bags. Place sand, rice, and dried beans into separate plastic containers. Children can place a handful of one of the materials into their paper bag. Twist the end of the bag taut and secure it with masking tape or a rubber band, leaving an end long enough for children to hold.
2 Make plastic bottle shakers. Children can decorate small plastic water bottles. Cut a variety of colorful tissue paper into small pieces. Provide children with glue and brushes. Invite them to glue the tissue paper onto their bottles. After the glue has dried, children can fill their containers with sand, rice, lentils, or dried beans. Ask children to place the funnel into the bottle if they are using rice, lentils, or sand. Dried beans can be placed into the bottle by hand. Then ask children to place the caps onto their bottles and shake away!
3 Make paper tube shakers. Cover one end of each paper tube with a small, square sheet of wax paper secured with masking tape. Provide children with paint or collage materials to decorate their paper tubes. When the tubes have been decorated, invite children to choose a material to place in their tubes. Assist children in securing another square of wax paper over the other end of their shaker.
4 Invite children to bring their shakers to circle time. Encourage them to listen to the sound each shaker makes. What do they think is inside? Talk about the different sounds made by the different types of containers and the different materials inside each.
Literacy: Share a Story. Read Parade by Donald Crews (Morrow/Avon, 1986; $4.95) to your children. Talk with children about the different types of instruments that are depicted in the story. Discuss the uniforms a marching band wears for a parade. Invite children to use their shakers and have a parade in their classroom or on the playground. Consider using marching band music to accompany the children's parade and expose them to the instruments and sounds of parade music. Children can decorate newspaper hats to create their own special uniforms.
Animal Parade by Jakki Wood
Clifford and the Big Parade by Norman Bridwell
Instruments by Carol Gnojewski