Once you have your students hooked on reading biographies, they’ll be itching to share their newfound biographical knowledge with each other and the world. Fact-filled biography research lends itself to a wide range of creative projects. Perhaps the greatest challenge is teaching our students how to focus on just the “important stuff”! Here is a sampling of the biography projects and lessons I’ve tried with my class. Last week I shared an annotated list of my favorite biographies, and stay tuned for our culminating biography project next week!
When beginning our biography unit, I build excitement by dragging out a big cardboard box stuffed with biographies. I offer to clear off a couple of bookshelves and provide baskets, however it is up to the students to come up with a logical plan for sorting and storing the books in our classroom library.
To solve this authentic problem, the students work in small groups. First they peruse all of the biographies, discussing their observations: there are different series, formats, subjects, and sizes. While sifting through dozens of books, the excitement builds, and soon enough, students are shouting to friends about their finds. Students always want to begin reading their favorites right away, and I have to put them off — they have a mission to finish!
Each group charts a proposal for categorizing the biographies and presents their plan. After the students vote on the organization schemes, they finally sort the books according to the winning plan, and at long last the biographies are available for reading (insert raucous cheers!) Yes, it’d be faster if I just sorted the biographies myself. However the sorting process familiarizes the class with the range of biographies and it challenges them with higher order thinking, all while tempting students with new books.
Over the years, my students have sorted the biographies by time periods, alphabetically by subject name, and based on the subjects’ main contributions.
I’ve noticed that my 3rd graders really struggle with distinguishing the important biographical facts worth saving from the cool, but random facts they read. When their biography research notes quickly fill up with minutiae, I know that it’s time to introduce the “determining importance” strategy.
We begin by talking about a yearlong voyage in space, and I ask which ten items they would choose to bring for the journey. My students sketch the contents of their intergalactic suitcases, deciding on the ten most important items to bring. Then I extend this suitcase metaphor to their research. We discuss their process of choosing items for their suitcase, and then think about which of these criteria also apply to researching.
Finally, I have my students practice coding research notes on a graphic organizer, using symbols to mark the most important information and the facts they would excise. I take notes about a biography read-aloud for the students to use, since they are less attached to my notes than to their own. After doing their own research, my students repeat the same process of coding the most important facts.
Now that your students are experts about certain biography subjects, they are eager to share what they’ve learned. I’ve tried all of these projects in my classroom. Some of the projects were required, while others were options that I created using a biography menu. The projects range from very simple, single-period activities to more involved experiences.
This is a quick and easy one. Students use a sentence strip (or two taped together) to create a long time line of key events in their subject’s life. I use this Printable time line template for students to plan their final time line. While teaching about chronological time lines, I squeeze in a bit of testing language that builds on the idea of sequencing.
In addition to acrostic poems and clerihew poems (which I wrote about in my previous blog post about Abraham Lincoln,) my students enjoy writing odes and diamante poems about their biography subjects. ReadWriteThink.org has a template for very structured biography poems. Here are templates for three biographical poem formats, excerpted from 30 Biography Book Reports by Deborah Rovin-Murphy, and available through Scholastic’s Teacher Express.
Many of my students love the Dear America and My Name is America series, both of which focus on first hand accounts of American history told through the journals of young Americans. With these favorite chapter books as mentor texts, my students already have a strong background in fictional historical diaries, and they are eager to try writing their own historical diaries from the point of view of their biography research subjects.
To the right, a student's diary, written fictitiously by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
After visiting a wax museum with my class, my students proposed creating a wax museum of sorts back at school to share information with other classes about their biography research subjects. I couldn’t get my hands on enough wax, but I had plenty of air-dry and modeling clay, so the students created clay sculptures instead. They wrote biographical placards, much like those they saw at the wax museum, and then set up museum exhibits around the classroom. Student curators decided on logical arrangements of sculptures, and they led students from other classes through our “museum,” sharing information about each person during the tours.
My students’ favorite biography project was creating short animated movies using the website, Voki. Students decided to create movies in the character of a biography subject, or they created a narrator character to speak in the third person about their biography subject. They tried to pack as many facts as they could into thirty-second “commercial” time slots.
Voki has an education oriented portal that allows each student to have their own username and password, while the teacher manages the assignments and can view each of the students’ products.
Rowan and Chloe's voki avatars briefly tell you about Gail Devers and Marco Polo.
My teacher role model and fellow blogger Genia shared a fabulous idea for creating organized and attractive biography reports in her blog post, Black History Month and Presidents' Day Biography Reports. I plan on trying out “biography people” with my students next year!
Check out Beth Newingham’s description of the “living wax museum” the students create at her school to celebrate Black History Month.
Fact-web posters help my students organize their biography research.