Supreme Court Justices
(Photo: Paul J. Richards/AFP/Getty Images/NewsCom)
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

John Glover Roberts, Jr.
Born in Buffalo, New York in 1955. He received his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1979. He worked as a clerk (1979-81) for the judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Second Circuit, and Associate Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist. He served as special assistant (1981-82) to Attorney General William French Smith and as associate counsel (1982-86) to President Ronald Reagan. He joined the Washington, D.C., law firm Hogan & Hartson, then left to serve as deputy solicitor general (1989-93) under President George Bush. In 2003 he was named to the U.S. Court of Appeals. Roberts was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President George W. Bush in 2005.


Justices of the Supreme Court

Samuel A. Alito, Jr.
Born Trenton, New Jersey in 1950. A graduate of Yale Law School (1975), Alito rose steadily through the judicial ranks. In 1990 he was appointed judge on the United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit. Conservative in his opinions, he was appointed to replace Sandra Day O'Connor on the Supreme Court by President George W. Bush in 2006.

Stephen Gerald Breyer
Born San Francisco, California, in 1934.  A graduate (1964) of and later a professor at Harvard Law School, Breyer was appointed in 1980 to the U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit, and named chief judge in 1990. Considered fair-minded and moderate in his views, Breyer earned a reputation as a peacemaker. He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President William (Bill) Clinton in 1994.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Born Brooklyn, New York in 1933. After receiving her law degree from Columbia University Law School (1959), she taught law at Rutgers University (1963-72) and then returned to Columbia as the school's first tenured female law professor (1972-80). She later served as a judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (1980-93). Ginsburg was appointed to the Supreme Court by President William (Bill) Clinton in 1993.

Anthony McLeod Kennedy  
Born Sacramento, California, in 1936. A graduate of Harvard Law School (1961), Kennedy served as judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit (1976-88). He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1988.

Antonin Scalia
Born Trenton, New Jersey, in 1936.After receiving his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1960, he taught law at the University of Chicago and at Stanford University. He later served as judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (1982- 87). He was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Ronald Reagan in 1986.

David Hackett Souter
Born Melrose, Massachusetts, in 1939. A Rhodes scholar, Souter obtained his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1966. He served as attorney general of New Hampshire (1976-78), as a state supreme court justice (1983-90), and as a judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit (1990). Souter was appointed to the Supreme Court by President George Bush in 1990.

John Paul Stevens
Born Chicago, Illinois, in 1920.  Stevens received his law degree from Northwestern University in 1947. He served as law clerk to former Supreme Court justice Wiley B. Rutledge, then practiced law in Chicago. In 1970 he was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit. President Gerald Ford appointed him to the Supreme Court in 1975.

Clarence Thomas
Born Savannah, Georgia, in 1948. He graduated from Yale University Law School in 1974 and was later appointed by President Ronald Reagan to head the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) (1982-89). He then served as judge for the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia (1990-91). Thomas was appointed to the Supreme Court by President George Bush in 1991.