OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti).

CAPITAL: Ankara.

LOCATION:
Southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia.

AREA:
301,381 sq mi (780,576 sq.km).

POPULATION:
66,000,000 (estimate).

MAJOR LANGUAGES:
Turkish.

MAJOR RELIGIONS:
Muslim.

GOVERNMENT:
Republic. Head of state: president. Head of government: prime minister (appointed by the president).

Legislature
: National Assembly.

LARGEST CITY:
Istanbul.

ECONOMY:
Chief minerals: chromium, manganese, coal, copper, iron, sulphur, petroleum. Chief agricultural products: wheat, corn, barley, rice, cotton, tobacco, nuts, citrus fruits, olives, livestock (chiefly sheep and goats). Industries and products: textiles and clothing, iron and steel, processed foods and other agricultural products, handicrafts (rugs, carpets).

MONETARY UNIT:
Turkish lira (1 lira = 100 kurus).