OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti).
LOCATION: Southeastern Europe and southwestern Asia.
AREA: 301,381 sq mi (780,576 sq.km).
POPULATION: 66,000,000 (estimate).
MAJOR LANGUAGES: Turkish.
MAJOR RELIGIONS: Muslim.
GOVERNMENT: Republic. Head of state: president. Head of government: prime minister (appointed by the president).
Legislature: National Assembly.
LARGEST CITY: Istanbul.
ECONOMY: Chief minerals: chromium, manganese, coal, copper, iron, sulphur, petroleum. Chief agricultural products: wheat, corn, barley, rice, cotton, tobacco, nuts, citrus fruits, olives, livestock (chiefly sheep and goats). Industries and products: textiles and clothing, iron and steel, processed foods and other agricultural products, handicrafts (rugs, carpets).
MONETARY UNIT: Turkish lira (1 lira = 100 kurus).