Myles Standish, b. c.1584, d. Oct. 3, 1656, an English-born professional soldier, was hired by the Pilgrims as military advisor for their Plymouth Colony in America; eventually he became a full member as well as a valued leader of the community. Arriving on the Mayflower with the first settlers, he initially concentrated on colonial defense and Indian relations. Later, Standish represented (1625–26) Plymouth in England; he also served for many years as one of the governor's assistants and as the colony's treasurer (1644–49). Standish was one of the founders (1632) of the town of Duxbury, Mass.

Oscar Zeichner

Bibliography: Bradford, W., William Bradford's History of Plimoth Plantation (repr. 1990); Langdon, G. D., Jr., Pilgrim Colony: A History of New Plymouth, 1620–1691 (1966); Morison, S. E., Plymouth Colony Beachhead (1986); Stratton, E. A., Plymouth Colony (1987).