In 1968, "Fighting Shirley Chisholm," a former educator and member of the New York State Assembly, became the first black woman to be elected to the U.S. Congress. She won this race against the odds of both her race and sex, and went on to make a name for herself as a fighter for human rights and dignity during her two terms in office. In 1972, she again made history by seriously campaigning for the Democratic Party nomination for President, the first black woman to seek the nation's highest office. Since her retirement from politics in 1982, she has continued to promote her ideals by writing, teaching, and lecturing, changing minds and attitudes around the nation as she travels.