LAND
Area: 9,085 km2 (3,508 mi2).
Capital and largest city: San Juan (2000 pop., 421,958).
Elevations: highest — 1,338 m (4,390 ft), at Cerro de Punta; lowest — sea level at the Atlantic Ocean.

PEOPLE
Population (2000): 3,808,610; density: 429.1 persons per km2 (1,111.4 per mi2).
Distribution (1990): 71.2% urban, 28.8% rural.
Average annual change (1990 –2000): +0.81%.

EDUCATION
Public enrollment (ending 1998): elementary — 451,944; secondary — 161,918.
Private schools (1999 enrollment): 118,700.
Colleges and universities (1998 enrollment): 175,600.
Four-year colleges and universities (2001): 46.

ECONOMY
State personal income (1999): $37.2 billion.
Average family income (1999): $32,892.
Nonagricultural labor distribution (1997, except as noted): manufacturing (1999) — 159,000 persons; mining — 689; trade (1999) — 229,000; services — 189,756; transportation and public utilities — 36,266; finance, insurance, and real estate — 45,905; construction — 54,003.
Agriculture: net income (1999. prelim) — $575 million.
Mining: net income (1999 prelim.) — $37 million.
Manufacturing: net income (1999 prelim.) — $24.9 billion.
Services: net income (1999 prelim.) — $5.3 billion.

GOVERNMENT (2002)
Governor: Sila María Calderón Serra, Popular Democratic party.
U.S. Congress: Resident Commissioner — Anibal Acevedo Vila, Popular Democratic party.
Commonwealth legislature: 28 senators, 51 representatives.

STATE SYMBOLS
U.S. territory: Dec. 10, 1898; self-governing commonwealth: July 25, 1952.
Nickname: Island of Enchantment.
Bird: Reinita.
Flower: Maga.
Tree: Ceiba.
Motto: Joannes Est Nomen Ejus ("John Is Thy Name").
Song: "La Borinquena."