Mexico: Major Cities and States
Guadalajara, Mexico's second largest city and the capital of Jalisco state, is a major industrial and commercial city, a popular tourist center, and a hub of transportation. Monterrey, the capital of Nuevo León state, is an important industrial center and the chief city of northern Mexico. Puebla (Puebla de Zaragoza), the capital of Puebla state, once known primarily for its textiles, now produces automobiles, petrochemicals, and iron and steel. The city is also famed for its many churches.
León is an industrial city of central Mexico and the heart of the country's shoe production. Ciudad Juárez, situated on the Rio Grande, and Tijuana, in northern Baja California, are both commercial cities with large tourist industries. Mexicali, is the capital of the state of Baja California Norte. Acapulco, a famed resort city, is situated on the Pacific coast of southern Mexico. Veracruz is Mexico's chief port on the Gulf of Mexico. Government
Mexico is a federal republic composed of 31 states and the Federal District of Mexico City. The government is based on the Constitution of 1917. The head of state and government is the president, who is elected for a single 6-year term. The legislative body is the Congress, made up of the Senate, whose members are elected for six years, and the Chamber of Deputies, which is elected for three years. The third branch of government is the judiciary, or court system. The federal judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court, whose members are appointed by the president, subject to approval by the Senate.
Each state government has its own elected governor and legislature. The state governments have authority over local matters.
|Baja California Sur||La Paz|
|Durango||Victoria de Durango|
|Hidalgo||Pachuca de Soto|
|México||Toluca de Lerdo|
|Oaxaca||Oaxaca de Juárez|
|Puebla||Puebla de Zaragoza|
|San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí|