No.Launch DateResults
1Jan. 2, 1959Passed within 5,965 km (3,728 mi) of the Moon.
2Sept. 12, 1959Impacted on the Moon.
3Oct. 4, 1959Circumnavigated the Moon; photographed the back side.
4Apr. 2, 1963Missed the Moon by 8,451 km (5,282 mi).
5May 9, 1965Impacted on the Moon; soft landing failed.
6June 8, 1965Missed the Moon by 160,000 km (100,000 mi).
7Oct. 4, 1965Impacted on the Moon; soft landing failed.
8Dec. 3, 1965Impacted on the Moon; soft landing failed.
9Jan. 31, 1966Soft landed in western Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms); photographed lunar surface.
10Mar. 31, 1966Orbited the Moon; sent scientific data.
11Aug. 24, 1966Orbited the Moon; sent scientific data.
12Oct. 22, 1966Orbited and photographed the Moon; sent scientific data.
13Dec. 21, 1966Soft landed in Oceanus Procellarum (Ocean of Storms); sent soil-density data and photographed lunar surface.
14Apr. 7, 1968Orbited the Moon; studied the Moon's gravitational field and the Earth-Moon mass relationship.
15July 13, 1969Impacted on lunar surface after 52 orbits of the Moon.
16Sept. 12, 1970Soft landed in Mare Fecunditatis (Sea of Fertility) on September 20; soil-sample payload launched September 21 and successfully recovered on the Earth.
17Nov. 10, 1970Soft landed in Mare Imbrium (Sea of Rains) on November 17; Lunokhod 1, an automated roving vehicle, ranged several miles on lunar surface.
18Sept. 2, 1971Impacted on lunar surface (September 11) after 54 orbits of the Moon.
19Sept. 28, 1971Orbited the Moon and conducted photographic survey.
20Feb. 14, 1972Soft landed in highlands northeast of Mare Fecunditatis (Sea of Fertility) on February 21; soil-sample payload launched (February 22) and successfully recovered (February 25) on the Earth.
21Jan. 8, 1973Soft landed at the eastern edge of Mare Serenitatis (Sea of Serenity) on January 16; Lunokhod 2 explored neighboring area.
22May 29, 1974Orbited the Moon and conducted photographic survey.
23Oct. 28, 1974Lunar-surface landing (November 16) damaged drill, preventing soil-sample return.
24Aug. 9, 1976Soft landed in southeastern part of Mare Crisium (Sea of Crises); soil-sample payload launched (August 19) and successfully recovered on the Earth (August 22).