ALPHABETIC AWARENESS: Recognizing and naming some letters of the alphabet.

CHORAL SPEAKING: Joining with others in repeating a rhyme or chorus elements in a story.

DICTATION: An adult acting as a "scribe" and writing down a child's story or picture caption, exactly as he or she tells it.

DIRECTIONALITY: The understanding that written English moves from left to right and down the page, and that pages of books sequence from left to right (as pages turn from right to left).

EARLY LITERACY: The development of listening, speaking, writing and reading.

ELEMENTS OF STORY: The sense of a story's beginning, middle, and end, rhyme and rhythm, and characters.

HAND-EYE COORDINATION: The developing ability to handle a drawing or writing implement with increasing control.

NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATION: Communication using gestures, body movements, and facial expressions that are understood by others to have meaning.

ORAL COMMUNICATION: The development of speech that can be understood by others.

PHONOLOGICAL AWARENESS: The ability to hear sameness and difference in words.

READING BEHAVIORS: The interest in recognizing words in the environment, listening to a story, looking at a book on one's own, and memorizing the story within the pages of a book.

SCRIBBLE WRITING: A Child's first efforts to imitate adult writing.