1. Shakespearean sonnet:
Here's an example of a sonnet by William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Notice the rhyme scheme and the syllable stress. You can analyze the meter by reading the line aloud, counting syllables, and noting which syllables are stressed.
Let me not to the marriage of true minds (a)
Admit impediments. Love is not love (b)
Which alters when it alteration finds, (a)
Or bends with the remover to remove. (b)
O no, it is an ever fixed mark (c)
That looks on tempests and is never shaken; (d)
It is the star to every wand'ring barque, (c)
Whose worth's unknown although his height be taken. (d)
Love's not time's fool, though rosy lips and cheeks (e)
Within his bending sickle's compass come; (f)
Love alters not with his brief hours and weeks, (e)
But bears it out even to the edge of doom. (f)
If this be error and upon me proved, (g)
I never writ, nor no man ever loved. (g)
Here are some examples of haikus by the Japanese poet Basho Matsuo (1644-1694)
I lie awake
This icy night.
Stabs the darkness
Sick on a journey:
Over parched fields
Dreams wander on.
Here are some examples of limericks:
Our novels get longa and longa
Their language gets stronga and stronga
There’s much to be said
For a life that is led
In illiterate places like Bonga
-- H. G. Wells (1866-1946)
To Miss Vera Beringer
There was a young lady of station
"I love man" was her sole exclamation
But when men cried, "You flatter"
She replied, "Oh! no matter
Isle of Man is the true explanation"
-- Lewis Carroll (1832-1898)
Here are some examples of cinquains by Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1914)
Not these my hands
And yet I think there was
A woman like me once had hands
Out of the strange
Still dusk...as strange, as still...
A white moth flew. Why am I grown
On windless nights
The moon-cast shadows are,
So still will be my heart when I