Considered the single most influential woman in the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 60s, Ella Jo Baker worked tirelessly for 50 years as a behind-the-scenes organizer, without concern for personal recognition or publicity. She was the Director of Branches of the NAACP for almost 20 years, and also helped form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.