Get a baseline reading level for each student (i.e., Oral Reading Fluency Assessment administered to all students, or use assessment scores you already have). These reading levels will enable you to match students to books.
- Determine specific grade-level skill needs (i.e., grade-level diagnostic test—administered to all students, focuses on comprehension and vocabulary).
- Identify special skill needs (i.e., Scholastic Phonics Survey—only administered to students below level to determine foundational skill needs).
Using the Results: Use the assessment results to form small groups based on specific instructional needs and to identify students needing additional instructional time or intervention. Keep this additional instructional time in mind when establishing your classroom schedule. Note that all small groups should be flexible; that is, groups should change as needed to reflect student performance.
For Struggling Readers: These students may exhibit test anxiety. Clearly explain the purpose of each assessment and how it will assist you in helping the student improve his or her reading this year. In addition, monitor the student's anxiety and stop the test if needed. You can finish it later that day or the next day.