What is Ramadan?
Observed by more than one billion Muslims around the world, Ramadan is the holiest time in the Islamic religion. This month-long observance marks the time when the first verses of the Koran were revealed by Allah to the prophet Mohammed.

When is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, or Hijri. The beginning and ending of months is determined by the sighting of the crescent moon. Since the Gregorian calendar used in the United States is a solar calendar, Ramadan begins on a different date every year.

How is Ramadan observed?
Ramadan is a month of fasting; participating Muslims do not eat or drink during daylight hours during the 29 to 30 day observance. Muslims also commemorate Ramadan by reading the Koran, praying, and doing good deeds. Ramadan culminates in a three-day festival called Eid-al-Fitr, which literally means "the feast of the breaking." This is a joyous event, marked by the preparation of elaborate meals and the exchange of gifts.

To learn more about Ramadan, including why Muslims fast during the holy month and more, see Ramadan, part of our collection on the world’s religious holidays.

Ramadan Resources

Lesson Plan
Let's Celebrate Ramadan! (Grades 1–2) Introduce your young students to Ramadan with this day-long lesson plan that emphasizes listening comprehension, handwriting, and reading skills.

Islamic Festival Classroom Decorations
The free Ramadan Islamic Festival Sign from Scholastic Teachables can serve as a centerpiece for your Ramadan classroom decorations or as part of a teaching center about diverse holidays.

Display the Ramadan Holiday Word Bank printable poster, which features words associated with the holiday, as a useful vocabulary-building tool.

Ramadan Worksheet
The Ramadan: Holiday Ideas worksheet, also from Scholastic Teachables, features facts and discussion starters, as well as a short essay by a Muslim child growing up in New York City.

Ramadan Books

Grades K–2
Ramadan by David F. Marx, describes how Ramadan is celebrated in the United States and around the world. Marx also includes ideas for observing the holiday in your classroom.

My First Ramadan by Karen Katz follows a young boy as he learns about Muslim customs and practices, and participates in his first Ramadan fast.

Grades 3–5
Celebrating Ramadan by Diane Hoyt-Goldsmith tells the story of the daily life of a devout Muslim family during the month of Ramadan and includes a glossary and map.

Web Resources

Explore Islamic History
Watch these videos on the history of Ramadan from History.com to expand your knowledge of Islam and Ramadan.

Discover the Tastes of Ramadan
Hosting a classroom celebration? Epicurious.com offers explanations of Ramadan's culinary traditions, including the traditional fast-breaking snacks of dates and lemonade, as well as tips and four recipes. You'll also find recipes for a month's worth of Ramadan meals, side dishes, and sweets on Allrecipes.com.

Classroom Activities
The Ramadan classroom activities from the BBC range from art projects and videos to a discussion of fasting and the building of a calendar of religious dates.