LAND
Area: 135,293km 2 (52,237 mi2); rank: 30th.
Capital: Montgomery (1999 est. pop., 195,690).
Largest city: Birmingham (1999 est. pop., 249,459).
Counties: 67.
Elevations: highest — 733 m (2,405 ft), at Cheaha Mountain; lowest — sea level, Gulf of Mexico.

 

PEOPLE
Population (2000): 4,447,100; rank: 23d; density: 33.8 persons per km2 (87.6 per mi2).
Distribution (1990): 60.4% urban, 39.6% rural.
Average annual change (1990 –2000): +1.01%.

EDUCATION
Public enrollment (1996): elementary — 540,000; secondary — 208,000; higher — 197,000.
Nonpublic enrollment: elementary and secondary (1997 –98) — 72,486; higher (1996) — 23,000.
Institutions of higher education (1995): 82.

ECONOMY
State personal income (1999): $100.45 billion; rank: 24th.
Median household income (1999 dollars): $35,478; rank: 37th.
Nonagricultural labor distribution (1998): manufacturing — 379,000 persons; wholesale and retail trade — 439,000; government — 347,000; services — 449,000; transportation and public utilities — 92,000; finance, insurance, and real estate — 87,000; construction — 102,000.
Agriculture: income (1997) — $3.2 billion.
Fishing: value (1999) — $50.4 million.
Lumber production: (1999) — 2.6 billion board feet
Mining, value: nonfuel (1998) — $947 million; oil and natural gas (1997) — $1.8 billion.
Manufacturing: value added (1997) — $29.2 billion.
Services: value (1997) — $26.2 billion.

GOVERNMENT (2001)
Governor: Donald Siegelman, Democrat (elected 1998).
U.S. Congress: Senate — 2 Republicans; House — 2 Democrats, 5 Republicans.
Electoral college votes: 9.
State legislature: 35 senators, 105 representatives.

STATE SYMBOLS
Statehood: Dec. 14, 1819; the 22d state.
Nickname: Heart of Dixie.
Bird: Yellowhammer.
Flower: Camellia.
Tree: Southern pine.
Motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere ("We dare maintain our rights").
Song: "Alabama."