Jane Laura Addams, b.
Cedarville, Ill., Sept. 6, 1860, d. May 21, 1935, was an American
social reformer, pacifist, and women's rights advocate. In 1889,
influenced by British precedents, she founded Hull House, an
institution in Chicago where she and other social reformers lived and
worked to improve conditions in the city's slums. Hull House became
a model for many other settlement houses in the United States. Jane
Addams became president of the Women's International League for Peace
and Freedom in 1919. Together with Nicholas Murray Butler, she
received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1931. Her books include
Democracy and Social Ethics
(1902) and Twenty Years at Hull
Jane, The Social Thought of Jane Addams, ed. by Christopher
Lasch (1965); Davis, A. F., American Heroine (1973; repr.
1983); Deegan, M. J., Jane Addams and the Men of the Chicago
School, 1892 1918 (1986); Diliberto, Gioia, A Useful Woman:
The Early Life of Jane Addams (1999); Farrell, J. C., Beloved
Lady (1967); McPherson, S. S., Peace and Bread (1993).