A national survey of 4,517 public school educators was conducted by YouGov between December 9, 2019 and January 31, 2020. Lists of teachers and principals were sourced from Market Data Retrieval’s (MDR) database of public school Pre-K–12 teachers and principals. A total of 3,969 teachers (including 85 school librarians) and 548 principals (including 92 vice principals) completed the survey. When data is presented among teachers, librarians are included unless otherwise specified. When the term “educators” is used to describe charts, tables and data findings, we are referencing teachers, librarians and principals combined.
The sponsor of the research was not revealed to the respondents. Participation was incented with a gift certificate to an online education store, which was revealed at the end of the survey to be the Scholastic Teacher Store.
All teachers and the majority (n=419) of principals were recruited to the survey via email invitation, based on a stratified sample frame created to mirror the populations of teachers and principals.
Additional principals were recruited via Facebook based on known status as a principal. The resulting data was weighted using a two-step process, separately for teachers and principals. States were first weighted to the appropriate proportion within the appropriate census region, and then the teachers and principals within each region were weighted on specific characteristics, based on available National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and MDR information. Teachers were weighted on gender, years of teaching experience, school urbanicity, school grade range, school enrollment and percentage of students receiving free/reduced-price lunch. Principals were weighted on gender, metro status, school grade range, school enrollment and percentage of students receiving free/reduced-price lunch.
In the summer of 2020 (July – early August), we re-contacted educators from the winter study who gave us permission to do so. The survey was conducted from July 23, 2020 through August 4, 2020; 790 pre-K–12 public school teachers and 70 public school principals and vice principals completed the survey.
Sample characteristics were very similar to the Winter 2020 data in terms of gender, years of teaching experience, grade(s) taught, region, FRL and urbanicity. Minimal weights were applied to align the recontact sample to the winter 2020 survey sample.
Data from the recontact study is labeled with “Summer 2020.”