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Seven Parent Personality Types

By Christy Crawford on February 21, 2013
  • Grades: PreK–K, 1–2, 3–5, 6–8, 9–12

What you say to parents is important. How you say it is even more important. Realizing what parent personality type you are conferencing with is priceless. It's the key to productive conversations and a successful school year. Read on to learn the seven parent personality types and how to deal effectively with each one. Teachers may encounter one or a combination of the seven personality types below. For instance, I'm a Helicopter/Doer/Know-It-All parent — a teacher's nightmare. If you are a teacher, what personality types are you dealing with? And if you are a parent, what personality traits do you exude during conversations about your child's performance?

As a new teacher I was surprised by some of the comments and responses I heard from parents during family conferences. However, in my new role as parent and teacher, I understand the psychology and range of emotions that can fill a classroom during conferences. Those emotions can turn a teacher's simple statement into a call for violence or a call for positive action. Below, watch how one message: "Mary needs to consistently review her sight words" should be altered based on the parent type that is receiving the message.

1. The GHOST

You've heard of this parent's legendary existence, but still have not seen this being with your own eyes. More often than not, this can be attributed to fear or intimidation. The "Ghost" or absentee parent may have had a traumatic school experience and feels no need to return to the scene of the crime.  

Common sightings: Struggling dyslexics, English language learners, parents convinced they can offer no academic assistance to their child.

It took great courage for two dyslexics, several English language learners (one of whom cried during most of the conference), and a dad with a 5th grade education to share their stories in my classroom. Find a way to be welcoming to the "Ghost" on your parent roster. You may make school the place the neediest families can get empowered.

Your message (at pick up, drop off, or anywhere you can catch the "Ghost") becomes: Mary talks about you and your pie recipes all the time. Our class is dying to taste a pie! Perhaps you could come in for a few minutes one day and show me how to make it. The kids would love it, and if you have time, I can show you Mary's great work.  


2. The EGO

This parent lives vicariously through their child. The "Ego" may refuse to hear anything that may be construed as negative, or that a child requires more work or special testing. This parent may be in denial. 

Common sightings: New parents, overbearing dads, absentee dads.

Your message becomes: Mary loves books. I can't keep her out of our library! Is someone a voracious reader in your house? . . . Ohhh, I should have guessed that. You can tell how important your input is to her. She models you. Let's talk about taking her to the next level. If she reviews her sight words every night, she will easily jump to harder books. With your help, she'll kill that sight word list. Let me show you what some of our class dads are tackling.



There are two types of "Know-It-Alls." Those who may actually know it all (highly skilled, veteran teachers who continually re-educate themselves) and those who purport to know it all. The latter assume that your job requires no skill and will proceed to speak to you as if you are one of their children. The former will share how long they have been teaching or drop credentials. The former will also offer suggestions and ask leading questions to discover your skill level, motives, or theories on current debates in education.   

Common sightings: Perfectionists, active or retired educators and administrators, chauvinists, CEOs, anti-union enthusiasts, lawyers.

Time to drop some knowledge on this parent! Assure the Know-It-All that they are dealing with a professional.

Your message becomes: I'm working to make sure Mary will be a fluent and confident reader. You know that Dr. Dolch compiled a list of words that just don't follow basic phonics principles. By the end of this year Mary should have mastered all 220 words on Dolch's list. Let me show you our plan (Mary's, mine, and Dr. Seuss') to attack Dolch's tricky compilation and move to the next reading level. Once we conquer the service words, we will move on to Dolch's nouns. 



This overprotective parent can be a blessing. Put their hovering power to use on class field trips, in a well-used class library in need of organization, or in a chaotic cafeteria. 

Common sightings: Nervous new parents, overachievers, Tiger Moms.

You may need this parent's assistance, but praise their child for the work she or he does independently.  Bask the "Helicopter Parent" in true tales of skills the child has acquired without parental intervention. The child will appreciate your vote of confidence, and the parent will be very proud.

Your message becomes: Mary is working so hard to learn her sight words. I'm really proud of her. Sight words are incredibly tricky, but she is determined to learn those words. She made a sample sight word bracelet to show you two. Mary, tell your parents the steps you took to make your reading bracelet. Who knows . . . ? Together, for just two or three minutes a night, the three of you might have fun reviewing the words or having a sight word fashion show.


Read their body language!  It doesn't matter what you say — the "Fighter" will be angry. This parent is looking for a place to dump their frustrations.    

Common sightings: Any parent who has had a rough day.

Smile. Find some way to compliment their child's work. Refuse to soak up their negative energy and they may return days later to apologize or praise your work with their child.

Your message becomes: Ms. Mary is working so hard to learn her sight words. I'm really proud of her. Sight words are incredibly tricky, but she is determined to learn those words. I made a sample sight word bracelet for her. Who knows . . . ? Together, for just two or three minutes a night, you two might have fun reviewing the words or having a sight word fashion show.


6. The DOER

Got a problem? Give it to a "Doer." This parent will listen carefully, be grateful for your advice, and follow your detailed suggestions.

Common sightings: Tiger Moms, nervous new parents, overachievers.

Teamwork between the Doer and the teacher provides the ultimate support system for a child.

Your message becomes: Mary needs to review her sight words consistently. Make it fun by creating a sight word bracelet and necklace for her. Here is a sample I created for you. Boldly list each word on an index card. Talk about the words together. Create a meaningful sentence for each word and write a sentence on the card. Let Mary draw a picture below each sentence. Show off that sight word jewelry for guests, friends, and every time she reviews them. She will master those words quickly!



Is this a conference or a party? Who invited the parent to sit hip to hip with you? If you are a young, attractive, and single teacher, beware. Some parents will mistake this meeting time for speed dating. No sexual attraction there? You may just have a parent who likes to talk incessantly.

Common sightings: The newly divorced, love- or attention-hungry parents.

Beware! This "Social Butterfly" may make you uncomfortable or talk too much and ambush your conference schedule.

Your message becomes: Mary needs to review her sight words every night. Nexxxxt!


Comments (12)

Thank you all for your comments. I tried to set this up in a context where it was understood that I am speaking as both a teacher and a parent (remember, the "Helicopter/Doer/Know-It-All" one). I meant no offense. I am writing from my own experience (the Common sightings are my common sightings). I have met many, many wonderful parents in my teaching career, but didn’t think I needed to include guidelines for a parent-teacher meeting with them. I consider all your feedback valuable and again, thanks!

I agree with Energized and Exhausted Educator. Thanks for a great post re: talking to parents.

Shame on fellow educators who apparently ENJOY feeling offended by your blog.

Let's ALL be offended by the U.S. Congress and its failures. Maybe if we ALL pressure them to work together with their constituents AND the President, we can improve the quality of life for EVERYONE.

Shame on you! A reply listing seven "types" of teachers would be too easy to create. But it, too, would be insulting and disrespectful. And no more helpful than this tripe.

You forgot the 8th type.

The Disenchanted

You've condescendingly equated your training in pedagogy with an understanding of human nature, and mistakenly assumed that this parent fits into one (or more) of the first seven types. Their child is -- in your professional opinion -- obviously suffering from ADHD/dyslexia/ODD/SID/ASD/WTF/BBQ and the parent is in denial, even if The Disenchanted can provide ample research from degreed-and-certified professionals at major, national research centers (paid out of pocket, of course!) that counter your, or you school psychologist's "core evaluation" that says otherwise.

It took multiple conferences and plenty of confused interactions for you to systematically undermine The Disenchanted's deeply-held belief that educators must always have their child's best interests at heart. You may make schools the place where The Disenchanted finally sees how the education system reinforces obedience and conformity at the expense of judgment and critical thinking. You are Exhibit #1.

The Disenchanted parent may have had a traumatic school experience and feels no need to return to the scene of the crime, or to allow their child to continue to be the subject of your teaching crimes against them.

Common sightings: unenrolling their child to they can homeschool or find a truly independent schooling opportunity where they -- and their children -- are treated with dignity and as individuals worthy of respect.

Your message (on The Disenchanted's child's last day of school) becomes: Nothing. You have nothing to contribute to a nuanced view of human beings as free learners, and conflate education with learning to such a degree that you cannot fathom that what you do actively damages our society.

Funny how offended some people are and considering their responses, I'd say they saw themselves reflected in one of the seven types. This is in no way offensive. I say that as a parent....one who cares and works with her teachers.

Where are the real parents in your descriptions? You might actually run into parents such as the above, I'll give you that - but I'm thinking they are in the minority. Parents are much more multifaceted than this. And trying to qualify it at the beginning by saying parents may fall into more than one type is a cop-out.
Teachers are not unique - there are many professionals who interact with the public every day as part of their jobs. Do doctors, nurses, social workers etc. publicly classify the people they help or serve into tidy and neat little categories based on negative stereotypes? Dealing with the public can be challenging. It can also be rewarding...have you forgotten that? You missed the biggest category of all - parents who understand that we are all in this together...parents who are hard-working, will advocate for their children when necessary but actually do respect the work that teachers do.

How lovely that you were able to pigeon-hole all parents into one of seven negative stereotypes. If this is indicative of your abilities as an educator, then I think that some remedial education and sensitivity training are in order. If this is indicative of the attitudes of all school teachers, then god help us.
This type of self indulgent, narcissistic effluent only furthers the "them versus us" mentality in our public education system. It's time that our public teachers accepted the reality that parents are equal partners in their children's education, not obstacles to overcome. Parents actually do have something worthy to contribute to the education of their own child. Let's not forget; we were there first as our child's teacher.
I am truly staggered by the condescending and self important tone that this article imparts.You have set back parent teacher relationships by a century. Shame on you. Your comments are racist, sexist, misandrous, partisan, narrow minded and ignorant. An apology is in order, and expected.

This is clearly written by an all-too-common "type" in education: the condescending and offensive teacher who is gratuitously supercilious towards all parents s/he meets. Steer clear.

fun and informative--and totally on target.

While I like your categories and your tips on how to rephrase for different personality types - I take issue on your "Common Sightings." I think it reinforces stereotypes - and in all honesty - is kind of condescending.

And what about the parent that truly wants what is best for their child and is willing to work to make that happen? Not a tiger mom, not an overachiever, just your all around good supportive parent?

Thank you for a great blog post including specific ways to talk with the many types of parents.

I think this article from Edutopia is a great compliment to your work, too. Thanks again.

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