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Internet Fluency Resources — Get Your Printers Ready

By Angela Bunyi on November 21, 2011
  • Grades: 1–2, 3–5

As a proponent of academic intervention, our district mandates that we teachers monitor fluency in students grades 2–6 on a weekly basis. Weekly fluency monitoring equals ample fluency practice throughout the week. It also means I spend plenty of time each week scouring the Internet and books for fluency resources. In this post, I am going to share some of these resources with you. Get your printers ready — they may be working overtime today.


Why Worry About Fluency?

The last time I wrote a post on fluency was in 2008, and rereading it — or "rethinking" it — recently, I realized how many resources are now available that weren’t readily available then. This post is dedicated purely to printable resources found on the Web. But first, why worry about fluency? Here's what the experts have to say on the subject:

  • According to Timothy V. Rasinski in his article, “Speed Does Matter in Reading,” excessively slow reading leads to less overall reading, poor comprehension, and reading frustration. Students need to be reading appropriate texts in order to practice increasing reading speed. Texts should be well within the student’s independent-instructional range.
  • “Fifteen percent of all 4th graders read no faster than 74 words per minute, a pace at which it would be difficult to keep track of ideas as they are developing within the sentence and across the page. ~ Guided Reading: Good First Teaching for All Children, Fountas and Pinnell
  • Repeated and monitored oral reading had a significant positive impact on word recognition, fluency, and comprehension. ~ National Reading Panel report

  • According to Richard Allington, we need to worry about the "cycle of defeat." Nonfluent readers most often struggle because of a lack of practice with reading. In order to increase fluency, start students at their independent reading level to get over that first hurdle of learning to decode words.

Fluency Resources Galore

Okay, here we go. Get ready. . . .

Advice From Former Top Teaching Blogger Danielle Mahoney

It baffles me that so few people commented on Danielle’s incredible fluency posts:

Having Fun With Fluency! Part I — A Bridge to Comprehension

Having Fun With Fluency! Part II — Strategies Readers Will Enjoy

She was my go-to source at the beginning of the year for fluency instruction, and I have used every single anchor chart, bookmark, and printable resource in these two posts. If you have the time, I highly suggest you take a look. Below are some of her incredible fluency resources.

Danielle’s Anchor Charts

“What?” you say. “I can’t print an anchor chart!” Why, yes, you can. In fact, you can print out any JPEG image on this site, as small or as large as you’d like, using Blockposters and your printer.

My students LOVED the task of "swooping" (phrasing) words together.


Danielle’s Printable Resources

Simply print on card stock and distribute to your students.


My students noted the benefits of reading fluently, which included understanding characters better, not sounding boring to themselves and others, and being able to tackle harder texts.

Continue reading to see how we used this sheet while recording ourselves reading on our iPads.


Beanie Baby Fluency Charts From Former Scholastic Teacher Advisor Alyssa Zelkowitz

Many of you are familiar with my decodable reading strategy posters featuring beanie babies. Well, Alyssa created some just for fluency a few years ago. Her posters include the Cheatin’ Cheetah (for reading too quickly, without care for comprehension); the Just-Right Rabbit (you can hear "just right" with your ears; you'll be hopping along at the appropriate pace); Word-Ending Elephant (good readers never forget to look at the ends of words); and Pointer Penguin (Pointer Penguin reminds us to push our fingers along with the words, as though they're skating on ice). You can download her PowerPoint or a PDF printable version I created. Just click on the image below. Beanie babies are optional.


Blogger Amanda Nickerson


Amanda has been a loyal reader of this blog for a few years, and clearly she has been busy with her own blog, One Extra Degree: Confessions of a Teachaholic. I love the fluency resources provided in her post. In particular, I really like her fluency poster and even turned it into a bookmark. (You can download this by clicking on the image below.) I'm including Danielle’s bookmark, too, so you can make double-sided bookmarks for your students.

















ReadingResource.net offers reading fluency activities and other fluency resources you can use right now. Below are just a few that I think are highly engaging and effective.

I purchased a sight word phrases card set exactly like the one this site provides for free!



Practice reading the alphabet with punctuation marks. ABCD? Boring, right? E! Fun! Simply print on card stock and cut.

A list of grade level fluency phrases and short sentences for repeated practice.


Florida Center for Reading Research (FCRR)

Need some free printable fluency lessons organized by grade level and difficulty? How about a year's worth? I depend on the FCRR's literacy games and so do many teachers in our school. These games make excellent 10–15 minute literacy lessons, and they're free! You can change the setting for your particular grade.

Some Final Fluency Tips

To close this post, I want to offer a few final suggestions on teaching fluency.

  • To introduce phrasing/swooping, start with the Pledge of Allegiance. Students can easily swoop words together. With Microsoft Word, you can demonstrate how to do this using the highlighting feature: "I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America, and to the republic for which it stands, one nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
  • Note that swooping words together does not mean you have to pause in between those phrases. In fact, I repeatedly and explicitly model reading a sentence with and without appropriate phrasing and ask students to listen for the subtle difference before they practice it as well.
  • Remember that reading is thinking. Otherwise, you are not reading, regardless of accuracy rate success.
  • Interested in creating your own fluency passages? Visit Intervention Central for their Reading Fluency Passage Generator. It not only levels and counts the words, but it creates fluency assessments: one for the student, one for the teacher.
  • Do you have iPods or iPads in your room? We have a set of five and used Danielle’s mood sheet to prepare to do one-minute video recordings of a reading passage. A partner then watched the video, looking for the desired emotion, and provided feedback using Danielle's sheet. This was HIGHLY effective.

Visit my Pinterest page to find MORE fluency resources. Most of these resources can be found under the Printables/Freebies board.

So, that’s it for now. I have so many other links, resources, and information that I had difficulty narrowing them down for this post. I neglected to write about some of the most common fluency routes, such as readers theater. I’ll make it a point to revisit fluency later this year in order to cover other literacy skills, such as phonemic awareness, that play a part in fluency.

I hope this post finds you when you have a moment to appreciate some of the many free resources available to you and your students!

Best, Angela

Comments (18)

Not a teacher, but an avid reader! Volunteer at g-kids school & have been working with ESL kids & slow readers.Have done "fluency testing" for several teachers over the last few years, they need the help.

These articles have been very informative and let me know that I am on the right track to helping these kids learn to love reading. Just hearing them really start to get it, brings so much joy!

Am getting ready to work with a child, (2nd grade) who says they can't read.....I'm going to try my best to change that!

Once again, thanks so much! Really great articles!

Thank you for these fantastic resources and wonderful ideas. Can't wait to try them out!

Wow! So helpful. Thanks!

This is awesome!!!

This is a wonderful guide and resource. Thank you!

don't see where I can download??? Help!


I believe all of the links are working above, but you might be referring to the link I posted on the Scholastic FB page? That is the only link I used that involves any costs. If so, the program is called Fluency Formula through Scholastic. I mentioned fluency activities from this program using this link- http://shop.scholastic.com/webapp/wcs/stores/servlet/ProductDisplay_23307_-1_10001_10002

From the link above, you can find a click that helps with finding fluency kits by grade level.

I hope that helps!


To the 6th grade teacher-

I wrote this post a while back and currently don't have access to the program for uploading/editing (transition at the moment), but I very much agree-from your blog post- that students need to know what they are shooting for in regards to becoming fluent readers. My students have kept charts on their progress and use two fluency rubrics (one teacher made, one from T. Rainsinski).You might want to visit the Scholastic FB page with your blog link. A few readers said they wanted middle school fluency ideas. Sounds like your background as a middle school literacy coach is perfect!


Sounds great@! But where is the link? Do I need to buy something? Thanks,Rena

Wow! Can't wait to get started!

This is a great resource! I handle a fluency group during reading groups and was looking for something new to try. Thanks!

I hope you don't mind if I put in a shameless plug for some fluency thoughts I've shared on my own blog. I work with a classroom of 18 students who are struggling 6th grade readers. :) I can't wait to delve into some of your resources and links more!

I find using the fcrr 'sails' is even more effective as a center activity by simply using the weekly story text for each 'sail' I like that the students are able to show fluency improvement while reading the weekly story aloud by the end of the week. :)

It's all working now. Yeah!

I am bummed as well, and I only have the message from my editor that said sometime this week. I haven't looked at the other blogger posts, but if I am "it" on the not working list, it may be due to volume. I have well over 100 posts that need to be moved over.

Hoping it's all up and running soon...


It's a bummer that your blog post is not working--the links, the pictures. I just checked 4 other Scholastic Top Teacher blog postings and their blogs all are working fine.

What is the time frame for getting your blog corrected? I love what you have to share and this blog posting sounds like exactly what I need for my class.

These are great resources Angela! :) Thanks for sharing!

The links I click on for your fluency resources are not working. Can you help? These look so good! (from the descriptions)

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