Writing With Writers for Grades 9-12
- Grades: 9–12
- Unit Plan:
Students in grades 9-12 should use the Writing with Writers program to improve writing skills in any or all of the above mentioned genres. Students will read examples, brainstorm, work in groups, write, edit, and rewrite their work before submitting it for online publication
Depending on the topic, you can use the Writing with Writers program to promote cross-curricular activities. For example, you can use Biography writing to incorporate history or speech writing to incorporate civics.
- Identify unique characteristics of different writing genres
- Follow the writing process for different genres to create original writing
- Use web technology to post original writing online
- Demonstrate understanding of different genres by responding to questions
- Understand how to review and revise their own writing
- Review and present constructive criticism to peer writing
- Learn to think critically and objectively about their reading
- Learn to review and revise their own writing
- Produce written work to show evidence of knowledge of the different genres
Set Up and Prepare
- All the articles in the Writing with Writers project are formatted to be read online or printed. Depending on the availability of classroom computers and time, you may wish to print these articles for individual reading at home or in class.
- The Writing with Writers project is meant as a skill building exercise that should be done individually. However, students can work collaboratively in leveled reading groups, joint brainstorming sessions, and peer reviews of their written works before submitting it for teacher assessment and online publication.
- If a computer is available for each student, students can work on their own. Hand out the URLs or write them on the board so students will have a guide through the activity.
- If you are working in a lab, set up the computers to be on the desired Web site as students walk into class. If there are fewer computers than students, group the students by reading level. Assign each student a role: a "driver" who navigates the web, a timer who keeps the group on task, and a note taker. If there are more than three students per computer, you can add roles like a team leader, a team reporter, etc. Students can work through the steps together this way and then write their poem, book review, news article, etc. off line and enter this written piece into the publishing element individually.
- If you are working in a learning station in your classroom, break out your class into different groups. Have rotating groups working on the computer(s), reading printed background information, reading examples of the genre, writing their pieces, reading each other's work, and editing their work.
Project Introduction (1 Day)
Introduce the Writing with Writers component with a class discussion on the genre.
For Biography: Write the definition of biography on the chalkboard: "A written account of someone's life." Ask students to discuss what this means. Have students name some titles that they know and the defining aspects of the biography, for example principal figure, influences, important dates, significant events, and valuable contributions. Explain to students that they will be writing biographies of specific people. Depending on your curriculum, you may want to have a list of people for students to write about, or you can have students pick their own person - from a U.S. President, to a famous sports star, or a family member.
For Descriptive Writing: Introduce students to the descriptive writing unit by asking them what kind of writing requires the use of descriptive writing. Encourage them to think about letter writing, stories, magazine articles, journals, and even email. Prompt them further to talk about why good descriptions make writing better and more interesting. Explain to students that they will be writing their own piece of descriptive prose. Depending on your curriculum, you may want to assign a specific kind of descriptive writing like a journal or letter, or you may allow students to pick their own format.
For Myth Writing: Introduce the word "myth" to the class, and ask students to offer definitions of the term. Then, encourage students to brainstorm myths that they may know. Have volunteers write examples on the chalkboard.
Poetry Writing with Karla Kuskin: Invite students to discuss what they know about poetry. Go through a book of well-known poems with students, and read some favorites aloud. Have students discuss poems that they know. Ask: How are poems different from stories?
News Writing: Hand students prints of Scholastic News's daily story and ask them to read it and sum up the main points. As a class, discuss the news and how the article is written. Tell students that they will be writing their own news story.
Speech Writing: Ask students to give examples of times that they might have to give a speech - for example, a class project or during show and tell. Think of other times people may have to make speeches - for work, when running for political office, etc. Explain to students that they will be writing and recording their own speech for this project.
Writing a Book Review: Take a poll by a show of hands on how many students have read a book. Then ask, how many student have told someone about the book they read. Pick on one hand, and ask that student to give a short summary of the book he or she is reading. Ask students if the summary made them want to read the book. Explain to students that this is called a "book review" and that each of them is going to write a book review of their own.
Following the Steps (1-2 Days)
Divide students into same-level reading groups to read through the first steps of the unit. If you have limited computer access, print out a copy of the steps for individual students to read.
After the introductory discussion, you may choose to hand out the author's biography for individual students to read. Discuss why students think it is important to find out about the author of a book they are reading.
Following the Step-by-Step Writing Process (2-3 Days)
Each Writing with Writers component gives a step-by-step program for writing their separate genres. Divide students into same-level reading groups to read these steps online. If you have limited computer access, print out a copy of the steps for individual students to read. See below for individual project tips.
For Biography, News, Book Review, and Speech Writing
As each group of students complete the steps, hand each a copy of the 5Ws Graphic Organizer to gather information on their subjects. Encourage students to brainstorm their biography subjects, news article, or speech topics within their group as they fill in their organizers separately.
For Descriptive, Myth, and Poetry Writing
For students writing descriptive pieces and poems, hand them a copy of the Observation Chart and instruct them to write descriptive words that work for their descriptive piece or for their poem.
Write Your Own (4-5 Days)
Allow students time to go over the steps and add to their graphic organizers. You may want to collect the filled out graphic organizers to review and make suggestions before handing them back to students.
Direct students to write their own example of the chosen genre. Give them time to write and also remind them to review any appropriate editing steps so they can re-write. This process should be done in a word processing document that can be saved.
Editing and Review (1 Day)
When students are done with their drafts, have them exchange papers with a peer for comments. Partners can write their comments on the draft itself. Then have students follow the revision checklist as they revise their writing.
1. Review the author's tips and check to make sure you've used as many as possible.
2. Read your peer's comments. Remember, you do not have to include all of the comments in your final draft.
3. Read your piece with an objective eye. Does it make sense? Does it flow well?
4. Does it meet each requirement in the Writing Rubric?
5. Check for spelling, grammar, and punctuation mistakes.
Publish Online (1-2 Days)
Once they've completed their revision, have students follow directions to publish their work online. Encourage students to use the Preview option to proofread their pieces one more time before submitting. Students can print this preview to hand in for teacher assessment or they can print their word document. They should also hand in their completed graphic organizer.
Once students have submitted their essays, wrap up the lesson with a group discussion.
- What are the most important lessons you might learn from the way this person lived?
- An older person or mentor is important in shaping the lives of others. How is this true of the person in the biography you wrote?
- What do you think it means to be a hero? Was your person a "hero"? Explain.
- What are some words you learned that are good descriptive words?
- What is the difference between descriptive writing and just writing a story?
- How does observing our daily lives help in writing good descriptions?
- Why do people write myths?
- Why did you pick the natural phenomenon for your myth?
- How did your daily observations help in writing your myth?
Poetry Writing with Karla Kuskin
- What kinds of poems do you like? How has those poems effected your own poetry?
- Why should you make observations of your daily life help in writing poems?
- What were some of the difficulties in editing and re-writing a poem?
- How did you get your idea for your news story?
- Why do you need to ask a lot of questions to write a good news story?
- Can you think of news articles that are not "fair"? Why is it hard to be objective as a reporter?
- How are some of the ways that you can get your audience's attention when writing a speech?
- What are some of the differences you found in writing a speech compared to writing an essay?
Writing a Book Review
- When you edited your peer's book review, did it make you want to read that book? Why?
- How did you write your review without telling everything about the book?
Supporting All Learners
This project aids students in meeting national standards in several curriculum areas.
- Unifying concepts and processes in Science: Systems, order, and organization. Understands basic features of the Earth (1).
- Knows the general structure and functions of cells in organisms (6)
- International Reading Association (IRA) and the National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE)
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts (1).
- Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes (4).
- Students enjoy a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing-process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes (5).
- Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts (6).
- Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and nonprint texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience (7).
- Students use a variety of technological and informational resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge (8).
- Students develop an understanding of and respect for diversity in language use, patterns, dialects across cultures, ethnic groups, geographic regions, and social roles (9).
- Students participate as knowledgeable, reflective, creative, and critical members of a variety of literacy communities (11).
- Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of the information) (12).
National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS)
- People, Places, and Environments (Students study the lives of people, the places in which they live, and the environment that surrounds them.)
- Individual Development and Identity (Students study how personal identity is shaped by one's culture, by groups, and by institutional influences.)
Technology Foundation Standards for Students:
- use technology tools to enhance learning, increase productivity, and promote creativity
- use technology tools to collaborate, publish, and interact with peers, experts, and other audiences
- use a variety of media and formats to communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences
- use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect information from a variety of sources
Formal Assessment Ideas
Each of the Writing with Writers components has a formal assessment with the student writing. Make sure students either preview and print a copy before submitting their work online or use a word processing document to print a copy for teacher assessment. See the appropriate rubrics below.
Informal Assessment Ideas
Create a Certificate of Achievement for each student's completion of a Writing with Writer's components.
- Biography Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Descriptive Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Folktale Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Mystery Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Myth Writing Certificate of Achievement
- News Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Poetry Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Speech Writing Certificate of Achievement
- Writing a Book Review Certificate of Achievement
This Certificate gives the student a feeling of achievement especially since all submitted material must be approved by Scholastic and is not immediately published.
Use the writing rubrics to assess your students' writing skills. These rubric can also serve as models for a modified version that might include your state's writing standards.
- Biography Writing Rubric Graded 9-12
- Descriptive Writing Rubric Grades 9-12
- Myth Writing Rubric Grades 9-12
- News Writing Rubric Grades 9-12
- Speech Writing Rubric Grades 9-12
- Poetry Writing with Karla Kuskin Rubric
- Book Review Writing Rubric Grades 9-12