Teach Text Structure for Nonfiction
Students identify the text structure of a specific passage after learning common text structures used in nonfiction.
- Grades: 1–2, 3–5
- Unit Plan:
This lesson plan will provide students with a strong foundation for reading, writing, and using nonfiction.
- Gain an awareness and general understanding what text structures are
- Learn what clues they can use to identify the text structure of a piece of writing
Step 1: Use the Five Text Structures chart to explain what text structures are and what clues students can use to identify text structures.
Step 2: Help students understand the importance of understanding text structure by explaining that a reader who is aware of the patterns that are being used can anticipate the kind of information that will be presented.
Example: If we we know a selection follows a “compare and contrast” organization, we can expect to read about likeness and differences between people or things. This will help us connect ideas and remember them.
Step 3: Have students reread Stopping a Toppling Tower (PDF).
Step 4: Ask students to identify what type text structure this selection is ( problem and solution ). Ask them, “How does the reader know?” They should be able to identify that the first paragraph states that there is a “problem.” The second paragraph states that engineers have found a “solution.” What headings offered clues?