Scholastic News: Ruby the Brave Teacher's Guide
A lesson plan about Ruby Bridges to be used with a read-aloud text from the February 2014 issue of Scholastic News Edition 1 interactive magazine
- Grades: 1–2
Students use critical-thinking skills for a read-aloud text about Ruby Bridges and how she helped change the unfair laws of our country.
- Use critical-thinking skills for a read-aloud text.
- Learn Social Studies vocabulary, including: segregated, integrated, brave
- February 2014 issue of Scholastic News Edition 1 interactive magazine
Set Up and Prepare:
- Watch the video included in the interactive issue of Scholastic News. Click the "Video" button at the bottom of the page.
- Discuss how during Ruby’s childhood, our country had unfair laws. Some people were treated differently because of the way they looked. Students will learn how one little girl helped change that.
Work With Context Clues for Key Vocabulary Words
Step 1: Read the issue once. Then turn back to the words segregated and integrated. Say that nearby sentences can often help us figure out a new word.
Step 2: Focus on segregated. Point out that the next sentence says that white and African-American children could not go to school together. If you can’t do something together, how must you do it? (Answer: apart.) Segregated means apart, or separated.
Step 3: Next, read aloud the sentence after integrated. What word in this sentence helps tell the meaning? (Answer: together.)
Take a Close Look at Text Features
Step 1: Point out the headline “Ruby’s Story” on page 2. How does it help readers? (Answer: It tells what the article will be about.) Then show students the smaller subheads, such as “Ruby All Alone.” What do they do? (Answer: They say what that section is about.)
Step 2: Now read the photo captions. What can we learn from captions? (Answer: They tell more about a photo.)
Step 3: Finally, point out the two bold words on page 2. Why do students think these words are bold? (Answer: They are important. They help us understand the article.)
Dig deeper into the issue with critical-thinking questions like these:
- Was it fair that Ruby was not allowed to go to the school closer to her home?
- Was it wrong for people to yell at Ruby and keep their children out of school? Why?
- How did Ruby show she was brave?