With the Might of Angels Discussion Guide
- Grades: 3–5
About this book
To the Discussion Leader
The year is 1954. The Supreme Court has just ruled against segregation in public schools in the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
With the Might of Angels tells the story of the Johnson family. Dawnie's parents know that their daughter is bright and dreams of becoming a doctor. They also know that dream won't come true unless she has the advantages offered in the all-white school in town. With the support of The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People and members of her church, Dawnie tells her story of being the first and only black student in her school.
Author Andrea Davis Pinkney taps into her own personal experience as the first black student in an all-white school as she relates Dawnie’s story. Pinkney says, "When I went to school, I saw nobody else in the building who looked like me. I remember thinking, I don't like this. Thankfully, I didn’t have to endure the terrible abuses Dawnie Rae suffered. My struggles came in more subtle forms, with kids wanting to touch my hair, and making "chocolate milk" jokes about the color of my skin. Fortunately, my teacher was a mighty angel, who did not tolerate any kind of prejudice. She made me feel welcome immediately, and reprimanded anyone who treated me or any other student badly."
In this fictional diary, real people from the period are mentioned: Martin Luther King Jr., Claudette Colvin, Thurgood Marshall, and baseball player Jackie Robinson. Readers see history unfold before them as they watch Dr. King’s belief in nonviolence play out as the black community successfully boycotts the local dairy for its stand against school integration. Dawnie Rae's father loses his job in retaliation for sending his daughter to the all-white school. Threatening telephone calls in the evenings, teachers who refuse to acknowledge Dawnie's presence in class, and attacks on Dawnie and her brother, Goober, all happen in an attempt to scare Dawnie from the school. But, with the might of angels, Dawnie holds fast to her goal of getting the best education possible.
With the Might of Angels is a portrait of a courageous girl who gathers the strength she needs from a loving and supportive family, the actions of her hero Jackie Robinson, a brave history teacher, and a wonderful Jewish friend named Gertie. Readers will finish the diary with a new and deeper understanding of this period in American history. They will also grapple with the question, Could I muster the strength and bravery to do what Dawnie Rae Johnson did?
"School starts in four days. All's I can think of is me at Prettyman Coburn. Me on that baseball field. Me inside a school with working clocks and toilets that flush. Me in a homeroom. Me with white kids. Only me," writes Dawnie Rae Johnson in her "diary book." It is September in Hadley, Virginia. The United States Supreme Court has recently banned school segregation, and Dawnie Rae has been selected to integrate Hadley's only white school. Dawnie has dreamed of attending Prettyman ever since she and her best friend Yolanda took the long way home and saw the large clean building with its beautiful baseball field, "like something in a movie." Dawnie even wished on her twelfth birthday that she could, one day, see the inside of Prettyman Coburn.
Now, though it seems Dawnie's wish has come true, her dream has become more of a nightmare. She must face the opposition of the white townsfolk who don’t want her in "their" school, along with those in the black population who feel she should stay with her own kind and not stir up trouble. Even after uniformed policemen escort Dawnie into the school, through the angry protesters shouting racial insults at her, it is several days before the principal reluctantly admits her to her classes. Although her classmates taunt her and most of her teachers treat her as if she were invisible, Dawnie studies hard, motivated by her "Intention" to succeed, and she makes the honor roll.
But, outside of school, things get worse. Her father loses his job at the white dairy. Dawnie's younger brother Goober is bullied and beaten up. Threatening phone calls come at all times of the day and night. Even some of the people at Dawnie’s church begin to think the Johnsons are "uppity" and "too good for the rest of us."
Still, there are some bright spots. Dawnie's history teacher, Mr. Dunphey, who treats all students fairly, admires and encourages Dawnie. Miss Billie and Miss Cora, the lunchroom ladies, and Mr. Williams, the custodian, all let Dawnie know how proud they are of her. Happily, Dawnie makes a new friend when Gertie Feldman, a young Jewish girl from Brooklyn, New York, joins her class at Prettyman.
Reverend Collier, the pastor at the Johnsons' church, inspired by the message of Martin Luther King Jr., rallies the black people to show their support for Dawnie and their community by peacefully boycotting the white dairy and refusing to accept any products that are delivered. The boycott is effective, and Dawnie's dad is offered his job back. But he refuses. Instead, he begins to help her mom with her successful laundry business.
As the school year comes to a close, Dawnie’s goal is to get the highest grade on the final exam, because that person will get to be the ringer of Prettyman Coburn's new bell for the next school year. She scores high on the exam, but not high enough. However, through the clever intervention of her friend Gertie, Dawnie gets the job. It’s been a difficult and challenging year, but Dawnie has survived and succeeded. Goober's note in the new diary book he makes for her sums it up: "To Dawnie. My sister. You can fly."
Thinking About the Book
1. What were the Jim Crow laws? How did the Supreme Court decision Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas change those laws? What did "separate but equal" mean?
2. Who gives Dawnie her Diary Book? What does this tell you about how that person feels about Dawnie?
3. What do you admire most about Dawnie Rae Johnson?
4. Why was ringing the bell at Prettyman Coburn School so important to Dawnie?
5. Describe the Sutter’s Dairy Boycott. Why did it happen? Was it successful?
6. Think of four different words you would use to describe Dawnie’s father. What words did you choose? Why?
7. Why did Mr. Dunphey have to leave Prettyman Coburn School?
8. Dawnie and Gertie become best friends. What makes Gertie such a wonderful friend?
9. How did Dawnie finally become the bell ringer at Prettyman?
1. See what you can find out about baseball player Jackie Robinson. Why was he so important to Dawnie?
2. Identify the following:
a. Ruby Bridges
b. Claudette Colvin
c. Massive Resistance
d. The Little Rock Nine
e. Panic Monster
3. The author of Dawnie's diary is Andrea Davis Pinkney. When she started public school, she also was the only black student in her all-white elementary school. If you could ask her three questions about her experience, what would you ask?
4. For her homework, Dawnie had to read "The Three Questions," written by Leo Tolstoy. Then she had to answer these three questions:
a. What is the best time to do each thing?
b. Who are the most important people to work with?
c. What is the most important thing to do at all times?
Read the Tolstoy story and decide how you would answer the three questions.
5. Read the book, The Story of Ruby Bridges, by Robert Coles, about a real first grader who integrated a public school in New Orleans in 1960. How is Ruby’s story similar to Dawnie's? How is it different?
6. One of the highlights of Dawnie’s life occurred when young Martin Luther King Jr. came to speak at her church. Recently a memorial in Washington, D.C., has been dedicated to Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. It is the first memorial to an individual who was not a president of the United States or a military person. See photos of this memorial and learn more about it.
7. Dawnie writes pretend letters to various important people and pastes them in her diary. If you could write a letter to a famous person living today, to whom would you write? What would you say to that person?
Discussion Guide written by Richard F. Abrahamson, Ph.D., Professor of Literature for Children and Young Adults, University of Houston, and Eleanore S. Tyson, Ed.D., Clinical Professor, University of Houston, Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Houston, Texas.