Look Up! Look Down!
Students examine soil, create a prism, and make their own landforms in this environmental unit plan about geology, landforms, and the atmosphere.
- Grades: PreK–K
Students will create their own topographic landforms using baker’s dough and paint. They will dig through the soil to discover the living and non-living substances. With water, a small mirror, and a white piece of cardboard, they will make a prism to refract the sun’s white light into the colors of the rainbow.
- Learn characteristics of landforms such as mountains, hills, plains, plateaus, valleys, canyons, islands, and volcanoes
- Describe environments of Earth such as deserts, forests, jungles, cities, and coastlines
- Identify the physical properties of soil, sand, rocks, and minerals
- Observe, classify, and compare substances found in the soil
- Understand that white light from the sun can be refracted into a spectrum of colors
- Observe and record the changes in the sky
Lesson Plans for this Unit
Lesson 1: Tall as a Mountain, Flat as a Plain
Lesson 2: What on Earth Is in the Earth?
Lesson 3: What Color Is the Sky?
Take a field trip to a hilly area where you and your students can hike up a small mountain. Observe the landforms and soil as you walk and how the sky looks different from the top of the hills. You may want to also visit an observatory.