Daily Starters: Grades 1–2 Teacher's Guide
- Grades: 1–2
Project the day’s Daily Starters on a whiteboard for the morning meeting or for children to do as they come into the classroom.
|Language Arts||Phonics||Sight and High Frequency Words||Spelling||Grammar||Word Play (Multiple Meanings, Homophones)|
|Math||Counting / Place Value||Operations||Measurement and Data||Geometry||Word Problems|
|Teachable Moment||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary|
|Fun Facts||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary||Topics Vary|
Introducing Language Arts Daily Starters
Phonics. After children name the letter that stands for the first sound in each picture, have them find something in the classroom that begins with the same sound. Repeat for classroom objects that end with /m/, /r/, and /b/.
Sight and High Frequency Words. High-frequency and/or sight words account for more than 50 percent of the words children will read and write. Have children raise their hands when they hear and see the target word the. Challenge children to use the word the three times in oral sentences of their own.
Sight and High Frequency Words. If children need help unscrambling the letters to spell the CVC words, write each letter on an index card for them to rearrange. Challenge children to use the letters that spell ant to spell another word. Hint: It’s a color.
Grammar. After children identify the sentence fragment, The fish, have them make it a complete sentence. You may want to have pairs or small groups of students write and illustrate a sentence for the fragment.
Word Play. Talk about the two meaning of bat, an animal and a piece of sports equipment. Point out that the two definitions of the word bat illustrated here are both nouns, words that name things. Tell children that bat can also be a verb, an action word. For example, At the picnic, we had to bat flies away from the food. Have children use bat in sentences of their own.
Introducing Math Daily Starters
Counting/Place Value. After children identify the missing number (16), ask them to name the numbers that come before and after the sequence. Use the sequence to count on and count back from 14, for example:
14 + 2 = ___, 15 + 3 = ___, 16 – 1 = ___, 18 – 2 = ____, 17 – 3 = ___
Operations. After solving, ask children to explain how these addition problems are alike (both add 2 and 3 but in a different order). You may want to introduce or review the vocabulary terms: sum (the answer), addends (numbers to be added together), and commutative property (the sum of two addends is the same when added in any order).
Measurement. Show children a penny and a nickel. Let them examine the coins with a magnifying glass. Ask, how many pennies equal a nickel? Write the math sentence: 1¢ + 1¢ +1¢ +1¢ +1¢ = ____
Geometry. You may want to point out that these are two-dimensional shapes, flat shapes that have two dimensions, length and width. Let children hold a ball, box, cube, and pyramid, naming each 3-D shape. Show the faces that are the same shape as the 2-D shapes in the activity. Explain that the third dimension is called volume, the space inside the shape.
Word Problems. If children need help, give them objects they can use to act out the math. Give pairs of children up to five objects and have them write their own word problems using the objects.
Introducing Daily Starters Fun Facts
Read the Teachable Moment and Fun Facts aloud. Then have children read it aloud chorally. Look for the sight and/or high frequency word in the Fun Fact. Talk about the fact.
Encourage children to think of questions about the topic. Write their questions on a chart titled "Things We Want to Know." Find books in your school library on topics of interest. During free time, invite children to illustrate the fun fact to share with their families.
Grades 1–2 Daily Starters: Weeks 2–36
Continue the routine established during Week 1 for each week of Daily Starters.
Extension and Enrichment Activities for Grades 1–2 Daily Starters
- Books. Have children make their own books for any or all of the Language Arts strands.
- Phonics Card Games. Write phonic elements on individual index cards. Have children illustrate the sound on a second set of cards. Mix up the cards to play Concentration. Use multiple sets of cards for Go Fish. For a PE activity, randomly distribute phonics and picture cards, and time how long it takes children to find the classmate who has the phonics to match their picture or vice versa.
- Word Play Word Wall. Display illustrated examples of multiple meaning words, idioms, and homophones for children to refer to when they are writing.
- Big Word Wall Read. Challenge children to read the Oral Vocabulary words. Have pairs of children pick a word, draw a picture and make up a sentence for the word.
- Did You Know? Make bulletin board display of Fun Facts and Teachable Moment tidbits. Challenge children to find another fact about the topic and write it on an index card or sticky note to attach to the Daily Starter Teachable Moment or Fun Fact. Collect them in a class book.
- Teachable Moment and Fun Fact Cloze. Expand Teachable Moment or Fun Facts to make a cloze reading comprehension activity. Leave the first sentence intact. Then replace each fifth or seventh word with a write-on line. Have students work in pairs or groups of three to fill in the missing words.
- All Sorts of Facts. Write Teachable Moment and Fun Facts on index cards. After a few weeks, have students sort the facts by topic.
- Teachable Moment and Fun Facts Games. Use the facts for Jeopardy, Concentration, or Charades.
- Math Facts Charades. Write math facts on index cards, mix them up, and distribute randomly to pairs of children. Using small classroom objects, have them act out the math fact for the rest of the group to figure out.
- Measure Me. On individual cards, write the names of classroom objects and place them in a box or hat next to a box of measuring tools. Include a ruler, yardstick, tape measure, and scale in the box. During free time, or after children have finished an assignment ahead of others, have them select a card and then find the right measuring tool to measure the item.