Cause and Effect
- Grades: 3–5, 6–8
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Graphic Organizers by Karen Bromley, Linda Irwin-De Vitis, and Marcia Modlo
Identifying cause and effect relationships within a story helps students focus on two important elements of comprehension: what happens in the story and why it happened. Looking for cause and effect gives students an opportunity to look carefully at the consequences of characters' actions and to think about how different actions might have different effects. Be sure that students understand that a cause is an action or event the makes something else (the effect) happen. If necessary, review simple cause and effect relationships such as, "If I knock that glass over (cause), the water will spill (effect)."