## Lesson Plan

# Ben Franklin and The Magic Squares Lesson Plan

- Grades: 3–5

## About this book

## About this book

**Subject Area:** Social Studies, Math**Reading Level:** 3.0**Book Summary**

Ben Franklin was many things: a writer, a scientist, a statesman, and an inventor. One of his many inventions is the magic square, in which columns and rows of numbers, when added together, result in the same sum. Readers will find Franklin's story interesting and his magic squares fascinating!**Objective**

Students will see that math is a part of their everyday lives

Standard: * Students will gain an understanding of using basic and advanced procedures while performing the processes of computation.***Before Reading****How Many Books?**

Help children see the power of computation with this personal activity.

- Pass out to each student a blank piece of unlined paper and a sharpened pencil with an eraser.
- Ask each student to follow along, using the paper for all mathematical exercises.
- Have each student write down the age at which he or she started reading.
- Ask each student to figure out how many months he or she has been reading (using multiplication, if possible, or addition).
- Have students estimate how many books they read per month.
- Ask each to figure out how many books they have read since they began reading. They may use multiplication or addition, whichever you feel is most appropriate.

**Teaching Plan****Ben's Time Line**

Help your students to see that math is everywhere…and fun!

- Do this activity as a class or ask each student to work independently.
- Start with the year of Ben's birth — 1706.
- The author provides the ages at which Ben came up with many of his inventions. For instance, "when Ben was 36 he invented a special stove."
- As you read through the book, call out these numbers to your students. Ask them to record them on the class, or their individual time line(s). Using their math skills, they should compute during what year Ben was 36 and record this year on the time line.
- Work your way through the book until you've got a complete time line of Ben Franklin's life. When clues are not concrete ("in the middle of his life" for instance) ask students to estimate what year the invention might have occurred.
- If students are working independently, have them compare timelines when they're done. Post time lines on a classroom bulletin board.

**My Own Magic Square**

Follow the directions found at the back of the book to help each student create his or her own Magic Square.**Other Books That Explore Math Concepts**

Measuring Penny*by Loreen Leedy*

Lisa's homework assignment is to measure something in a number of ways. She chooses her dog, Penny, and comes up with some very creative measurements!**Fraction Action***by David Adler, illustrated by Nancy Tobin*

Bright, cartoony pictures help illustrate the concept of fractions. Young readers will be delighted and engaged.**Betcha!: Estimating***by Stuart J. Murphy, illustrated by S. D. Schindler*

Two boys try to win tickets to a sporting event by estimating the number of jelly beans in a glass jar. They learn that estimating is everywhere and can be lots of fun.**Other Books by Frank Murphy**

The Legend of the Teddy Bear

Lockie and Dadge

Teaching plan written by Rebecca Gómez

- Part of Collection:
- Subjects:Language Arts, American History, Addition and Subtraction, Counting and Numbers, Reading Response, Early Math, Early Reading, Historic Figures, Social Studies through Literature
- Skills:Development of Reading Comprehension, Social Studies, Timelines, Language Arts