On the night of April 18, 1775, Paul Revere rode from Boston to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that the British army was heading their way. It was a dangerous and important mission.
A patriot is a person who supports and defends his or her country. During the American Revolution, a Patriot was a person who wanted the Colonies to be free from British rule.
Add these suffixes to the word patriot to form new words:
Use each word in a sentence.
Paul Revere (1735–1818) made his famous ride in 1775. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807–1882) published his poem "Paul Revere's Ride" in 1861.
Draw a time line and mark the dates when both men were born and died. Also mark Paul Revere's ride and the year when Longfellow published the poem.
How long after Revere's ride did Longfellow write and publish his poem?
How old was Longfellow when he wrote it?
Longfellow published the poem 86 years after Revere's ride.
1861 (poem published) – 1775 (Revere's ride) = 86 years in between
Longfellow was 54 years old when he published the poem.
1861 (poem published) – 1807 (Longfellow's birth) = 54 years in between
Red foxes have bushy tails. Their tails are almost as long as their bodies. In cold weather, a red fox will use his tail like a blanket. He curls up and drapes his tail over his paws and nose. A fox's tail also acts as a counterweight and helps the fox keep his balance.
A bathroom sink gives out more than two gallons of water in one minute. That's as much as two big jugs of milk. Make sure to turn off the water when you brush your teeth. This will save water, which helps the environment.
Correct the sentences. Check spelling, punctuation, agreement, and homophones.
1. Astronomy is the study of the unoverse?
2. It is won of the oldest of all the science.
3. Many people are curious if their is other life in space
[Hint: There are six errors total.]
1. Astronomy is the study of the universe.
2. It is one of the oldest of all the sciences.
3. Many people are curious if there is other life in space.
In the early 1900s, it cost a nickel to go to the movies. A movie ticket for a child costs about $7 today.
How many movies could you have seen in the early 1900s for the price of one movie ticket today?
You could have seen about 140 movies in the early 1900s for the price of one of today's movie tickets.
$7.00 per movie today ÷ $0.05 per movie in the early 1900s = 140 movies
The trumpeter swan is a large white bird. It is named for its trumpet-like call. The trumpeter swan is one of the largest wild birds in North America. When the swan's neck is outstretched, the bird can be almost six feet long! Large males can weigh up to 32 pounds.
An acrostic is a type of poem. The poem is written in a column, and the letters that begin each line spell a name or a message. Can you write an acrostic poem of your own?
Curious and quick, the
Takes the mouse!
Brainstorm a list of words that make you think of April. Here are some words to get you started: sun, rain, cloudy.
Now choose one word from your list and use it to write an acrostic poem. An acrostic poem uses each letter in a word to start a new line in the poem. For example:
Now we play outdoors
A year on Earth is 365 days. A year on Mars is about 686 Earth days.
If you are 10 years old on Earth, how old would you be on Mars? Show your work.
If you were 10 years old on Earth, you would be about 5 years old on Mars.
10 Earth years x 365 Earth days = 3650 days
3650 days ÷ 686 days in a Mars year = 5.32 Mars years
Banyan trees are large trees that are native to Asia. They grow well in warm climates. Banyan trees are known for their aerial roots, which grow in the air. Aerial roots start growing from the branch of an existing tree. Then they extend down to the ground. Eventually these roots become the trunks of new banyan trees.
There was an old man from Peru,
Who dreamt he was eating his shoe;
He awoke in the night
In a terrible fright
And found it was perfectly true.
This poem is a limerick. A limerick is a short, funny poem with a specific rhyme scheme. Can you identify the rhyme scheme?
The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme. The third and fourth lines rhyme, too.
The rhyme scheme is aabba.
Unscramble the letters in the words below. Match each word to its definition.
1. An instrument that makes distant objects appear larger and closer.
2. An instrument with a powerful lens that enlarges very small things.
3. A medical instrument used to listen to the sounds from a patient's heart.
spshtooeetc posmcoreic elsoeptce
[Hint: Each word ends with the same letters.]
Which five letters in each word form the Greek root for see? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
spshtooeetc = stethoscope = 3. A medical instrument used to listen to the sounds from a patient's heart.
posmcoreic = microscope = 2. An instrument with a powerful lens that enlarges very small things.
elsoeptce = telescope = 1. An instrument that makes distant objects appear larger and closer.
The Greek root for see is scope.
The Hubble Space Telescope was named for the American astronomer Edwin P. Hubble (1889-1953). The telescope orbits Earth every 97 minutes. About how many times in one day does the Hubble Space Telescope orbit Earth?
In one day, the Hubble Space Telescope orbits Earth about 15 times.
60 minutes per hour x 24 hours per day = 1440 minutes in one day
1440 minutes in one day ÷ 97 minutes per orbit = 14.85 or about 15 orbits per day
A wave is moving energy. The water is not actually traveling with the wave. The water only appears to be moving towards the beach. Instead, it is the energy of the wave that is traveling. Wind creates waves when it blows over the ocean's surface. Energy is transferred from the wind to the water. Sometimes waves occur at the beach when no wind is present. These waves are created by distant ocean storms. The energy has traveled through the ocean water all the way from the storm to the beach.
Some words sound like the thing they are describing. Meow! Boom! Hiss! All of those words are examples of onomatopoeia, or creating words by imitating a sound. Can you think of others?
More examples of onomatopoeia: fizz, moo, buzz, clang, beep, splash
John James Audubon studied birds. He wrote a famous book that shows all the known species of birds living in the United States during the mid-1800s. He also painted pictures of all the birds.
Change these sentences so they describe the future instead of the past.
John James Audubon will study birds.
He will write a famous book that shows all the known species of birds living in the United States during the mid-1800s.
He also will paint pictures of all the birds.
1,300 different species of birds have been found in the Amazon rainforest. The number of bird species native to the continental United States is about 1/2 that many. About how many bird species are native to the continental United States?
About 650 species of birds are native to the continental United States.
1,300 bird species in the Amazon ÷ 2 = 650 species in the continental United States
1,300 bird species in the Amazon x 1/2 = 650 species in the continental United States
Birds, turtles, and other animals hatch from eggs. Some of these animals grow a small tooth to help them break the egg apart. This is called an egg tooth. Egg teeth grow in two forms. Baby birds grow sharp points on their beaks. Reptiles grow teeth that stick out of their mouths. After the baby hatches, the egg tooth falls off or wears away.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall;
All the king's horses and all the king's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again.
This nursery rhyme is a poem called a quatrain. A quatrain always has four lines. It can be a complete poem or a stanza. Quatrains use a variety of rhyming patterns. One of the most common quatrain rhyming patterns is aabb. The first two lines rhyme, and the last two lines rhyme. Another common pattern is abab, in which the first and third lines rhyme and the second and fourth lines rhyme.
What rhyming pattern does "Humpty Dumpty" have?
"Humpty Dumpty" has the aabb rhyming pattern. The first two lines rhyme (wall and fall), and the last two lines rhyme (men and again).
William Shakespeare was a famous English playwright.
What does a playwright do?
A playwright writes plays.
How many $5 bills equal one $50 bill? Write a number sentence.
10 $5 bills equal one $50 bill.
$5 x 10 bills = $50
$50 ÷ $5 = 10 bills
Many animals use camouflage. Camouflage makes animals harder to see by helping them blend in with their surroundings. Polar bears live in snowy environments. They have white fur that helps them blend in with the snow. Then they can hide from predators or sneak up on their prey.
April 22 is Earth Day! Pollution from humans can hurt the earth and everyone living on it. It is important to keep the air and water clean. Do everything you can to take care of our planet!
Select one of the expressions below and use it in one or two sentences. Your sentences should make clear the meaning of the expression.
too many cooks in the kitchen: too many people working on one thing
add fuel to the fire: make something worse
out of the frying pan into the fire: get out of one situation only to find yourself in a worse one
55 ÷ 9 = __ r __
76 ÷ 5 = __ r __
67 ÷ 6 = __ r __
55 ÷ 9 = 6 r 1
76 ÷ 5 = 15 r 1
67 ÷ 6 = 11 r 1
Jaguars are the largest cats in Central and South America. They are an endangered species. The largest population of jaguars lives in the Amazon rainforest. Jaguars are strong swimmers and enjoy being in water. They are also excellent climbers. All jaguars have distinctive black spots. The base color of their coat can be orange, tan, white, black, or brown.
I say drop a mouse into a poem
and watch him probe his way out,
or walk inside the poem's room
and feel the walls for a light switch.
–Excerpt from "Introduction to Poetry" by Billy Collins
Billy Collins is a popular American poet. His poetry can be funny. It can also be serious. Billy Collins was the United States Poet Laureate from 2001 to 2003. He has won many awards for his writing. The Trouble With Poetry is one of his many published poetry collections.
A bond is a feeling that unites people. It is a common emotion or interest.
The bond between the sisters was strong.
Describe the bond you have with your sisters or brothers. If you don't have siblings, describe a bond you have with someone else.
There are 36 children in the fourth grade. Three out of four children have a sibling. How many children have siblings?
Twenty-seven children have siblings.
36 children x 3/4 have siblings = 27 children with siblings
36 children ÷ 4 quarters = 9 students in one quarter of the class
9 students in one quarter x 3 quarters = 27 children with siblings
In 1969, an astronaut named Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. His footprints are still visible. There is no wind on the moon, and all of the moon's water is frozen. There is nothing to wash away the prints.
Daffodils bloom in the spring. The scientific name for daffodils is Narcissus. The name Narcissus comes from a Greek myth about a hunter. Narcissus fell in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. He became obsessed and died at the edge of the pool. A daffodil grew where he died. Daffodils tilt downward like they are looking down at a reflection.
Some English words are commonly shortened. What are the long forms of each of these words?
bike = bicycle
math = mathematics
phone = telephone
tux = tuxedo
gas = gasoline
champ = champion
Gavin plays games and watches movies on his computer. He divides his time equally between games and movies.
If Gavin spends 60 minutes on the computer every day, how many hours does he spend playing games in one week?
Show your work.
Gavin spends 3.5 hours playing games in one week.
60 minutes per day x 7 days per week = 420 minutes on the computer per week
420 minutes per week ÷ 2 activities = 210 minutes playing games each week
210 minutes playing games each week ÷ 60 minutes in an hour = 3.5 hours of game time each week
Onions can make you cry. When you cut an onion, the onion releases a natural gas. This gas is a defense mechanism for the onion. It tries to protect the onion from being eaten. The gas can irritate eyes and cause a stinging feeling. Your body makes tears to wash the gas away and protect your eyes.
Schools started using chalkboards in the early 1800s. Before that, students used slates at their desks. Slates are small chalkboards for one person to use. Teachers walked around the room and taught students one at a time. They would write a problem or prompt on each student's slate. The teachers had to copy the same information again and again. Then teachers began mounting large chalkboards on their classroom walls. All of the students in a class could see the large chalkboard at the same time.
On April 30, 1789, George Washington became the first president of the United States. He took his oath in New York City. New York City was the capital of the country at that time.
List two proper nouns, two verbs, and one adjective used in the paragraph above.
Proper nouns: George Washington, United States, New York City
Verbs: became, took, was
On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. On April 30, 1939, the New York World's Fair opened in New York City.
How many years separated these two events?
150 years separated these two events.
1939 (New York World's Fair) – 1789 (Washington) = 150 years
White-tailed deer are found in most of North America and parts of South America. They are herbivores and eat mainly plants and fruit. Bobcats, mountain lions, and coyotes all hunt these deer. But white-tailed deer are fast. They can sprint up to 30 miles per hour. They can jump up to 10 feet high!
Kindergarten was invented in Europe in the early 1800s. It was sometimes called "Infant School." The first kindergarten in the United States opened in 1856. In German, the word kindergarten means "children's garden."
Identify the bold words as nouns, proper nouns, or verbs.
The White House is the home of the president of the United States. The president lives in the White House. He also has his offices there. The White House is in Washington, D.C.
White House = proper noun
home = noun
lives = verb
is = verb
Dora is making ribbons. Each ribbon is six inches long and one inch wide. How many ribbons can she make with a yard of fabric that is 36 inches wide?
[Hint: A yard of fabric is three feet long.]
Dora can make 216 ribbons.
A yard is 3 feet, or 36 inches, long. The fabric is 36 inches long and 36 inches wide.
Length: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 6 inches per ribbon = 6 lengths of ribbon
Width: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 1 inch per ribbon = 36 widths of ribbon
Total: 6 lengths of ribbon x 36 widths of ribbon = 216 ribbons
Peanuts are not really nuts. They are the seeds, or legumes, of a peanut plant. The seeds grow underground. We get peanuts by uprooting the plant and shaking it until the peanut pods fall off.
A geyser is a hole in the earth from which hot water and steam erupt. Hot water lies underneath the earth's surface near a geyser. The earth around the geyser traps the water. The hot water cannot move freely. Pressure builds up and eventually explodes. The geyser erupts with steam and water. Old Faithful is a famous geyser. It is in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. Old Faithful erupts regularly every 35 to 120 minutes.