William Shakespeare was a famous English playwright.
What does a playwright do?
A playwright writes plays.
How many $5 bills equal one $50 bill? Write a number sentence.
10 $5 bills equal one $50 bill.
$5 x 10 bills = $50
$50 ÷ $5 = 10 bills
Many animals use camouflage. Camouflage makes animals harder to see by helping them blend in with their surroundings. Polar bears live in snowy environments. They have white fur that helps them blend in with the snow. Then they can hide from predators or sneak up on their prey.
April 22 is Earth Day! Pollution from humans can hurt the earth and everyone living on it. It is important to keep the air and water clean. Do everything you can to take care of our planet!
Select one of the expressions below and use it in one or two sentences. Your sentences should make clear the meaning of the expression.
too many cooks in the kitchen: too many people working on one thing
add fuel to the fire: make something worse
out of the frying pan into the fire: get out of one situation only to find yourself in a worse one
55 ÷ 9 = __ r __
76 ÷ 5 = __ r __
67 ÷ 6 = __ r __
55 ÷ 9 = 6 r 1
76 ÷ 5 = 15 r 1
67 ÷ 6 = 11 r 1
Jaguars are the largest cats in Central and South America. They are an endangered species. The largest population of jaguars lives in the Amazon rainforest. Jaguars are strong swimmers and enjoy being in water. They are also excellent climbers. All jaguars have distinctive black spots. The base color of their coat can be orange, tan, white, black, or brown.
I say drop a mouse into a poem
and watch him probe his way out,
or walk inside the poem's room
and feel the walls for a light switch.
–Excerpt from "Introduction to Poetry" by Billy Collins
Billy Collins is a popular American poet. His poetry can be funny. It can also be serious. Billy Collins was the United States Poet Laureate from 2001 to 2003. He has won many awards for his writing. The Trouble With Poetry is one of his many published poetry collections.
A bond is a feeling that unites people. It is a common emotion or interest.
The bond between the sisters was strong.
Describe the bond you have with your sisters or brothers. If you don't have siblings, describe a bond you have with someone else.
There are 36 children in the fourth grade. Three out of four children have a sibling. How many children have siblings?
Twenty-seven children have siblings.
36 children x 3/4 have siblings = 27 children with siblings
36 children ÷ 4 quarters = 9 students in one quarter of the class
9 students in one quarter x 3 quarters = 27 children with siblings
In 1969, an astronaut named Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. His footprints are still visible. There is no wind on the moon, and all of the moon's water is frozen. There is nothing to wash away the prints.
Daffodils bloom in the spring. The scientific name for daffodils is Narcissus. The name Narcissus comes from a Greek myth about a hunter. Narcissus fell in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. He became obsessed and died at the edge of the pool. A daffodil grew where he died. Daffodils tilt downward like they are looking down at a reflection.
Some English words are commonly shortened. What are the long forms of each of these words?
bike = bicycle
math = mathematics
phone = telephone
tux = tuxedo
gas = gasoline
champ = champion
Gavin plays games and watches movies on his computer. He divides his time equally between games and movies.
If Gavin spends 60 minutes on the computer every day, how many hours does he spend playing games in one week?
Show your work.
Gavin spends 3.5 hours playing games in one week.
60 minutes per day x 7 days per week = 420 minutes on the computer per week
420 minutes per week ÷ 2 activities = 210 minutes playing games each week
210 minutes playing games each week ÷ 60 minutes in an hour = 3.5 hours of game time each week
Onions can make you cry. When you cut an onion, the onion releases a natural gas. This gas is a defense mechanism for the onion. It tries to protect the onion from being eaten. The gas can irritate eyes and cause a stinging feeling. Your body makes tears to wash the gas away and protect your eyes.
Schools started using chalkboards in the early 1800s. Before that, students used slates at their desks. Slates are small chalkboards for one person to use. Teachers walked around the room and taught students one at a time. They would write a problem or prompt on each student's slate. The teachers had to copy the same information again and again. Then teachers began mounting large chalkboards on their classroom walls. All of the students in a class could see the large chalkboard at the same time.
On April 30, 1789, George Washington became the first president of the United States. He took his oath in New York City. New York City was the capital of the country at that time.
List two proper nouns, two verbs, and one adjective used in the paragraph above.
Proper nouns: George Washington, United States, New York City
Verbs: became, took, was
On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. On April 30, 1939, the New York World's Fair opened in New York City.
How many years separated these two events?
150 years separated these two events.
1939 (New York World's Fair) – 1789 (Washington) = 150 years
White-tailed deer are found in most of North America and parts of South America. They are herbivores and eat mainly plants and fruit. Bobcats, mountain lions, and coyotes all hunt these deer. But white-tailed deer are fast. They can sprint up to 30 miles per hour. They can jump up to 10 feet high!
Kindergarten was invented in Europe in the early 1800s. It was sometimes called "Infant School." The first kindergarten in the United States opened in 1856. In German, the word kindergarten means "children's garden."
Identify the bold words as nouns, proper nouns, or verbs.
The White House is the home of the president of the United States. The president lives in the White House. He also has his offices there. The White House is in Washington, D.C.
White House = proper noun
home = noun
lives = verb
is = verb
Dora is making ribbons. Each ribbon is six inches long and one inch wide. How many ribbons can she make with a yard of fabric that is 36 inches wide?
[Hint: A yard of fabric is three feet long.]
Dora can make 216 ribbons.
A yard is 3 feet, or 36 inches, long. The fabric is 36 inches long and 36 inches wide.
Length: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 6 inches per ribbon = 6 lengths of ribbon
Width: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 1 inch per ribbon = 36 widths of ribbon
Total: 6 lengths of ribbon x 36 widths of ribbon = 216 ribbons
Peanuts are not really nuts. They are the seeds, or legumes, of a peanut plant. The seeds grow underground. We get peanuts by uprooting the plant and shaking it until the peanut pods fall off.
A geyser is a hole in the earth from which hot water and steam erupt. Hot water lies underneath the earth's surface near a geyser. The earth around the geyser traps the water. The hot water cannot move freely. Pressure builds up and eventually explodes. The geyser erupts with steam and water. Old Faithful is a famous geyser. It is in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. Old Faithful erupts regularly every 35 to 120 minutes.
Correct the sentences below.
1. may day is selebrated on the first day of may.
2. may day is a traditional Spring festival in many cultures.
3. some peeple dekorate a maypole on may day.
4. the girl in the pikture is dancing around a maypole.
1. May Day is celebrated on the first day of May.
2. May Day is a traditional spring festival in many cultures.
3. Some people decorate a maypole on May Day.
4. The girl in the picture is dancing around a maypole.
The Enriquez family went to the museum together. Each person left at a different time. Lindsey spent two hours at the museum. Katie spent 90 minutes at the museum. Martin spent 30 minutes at the museum. What was the average amount of time the Enriquez family members spent at the museum?
The average time spent at the museum was 80 minutes.
Lindsey: 2 hours = 60 minutes + 60 minutes = 120 minutes
Katie: 90 minutes
Martin: 30 minutes
120 minutes + 90 minutes + 30 minutes = 240 minutes
240 minutes ÷ 3 people = 80 minutes average
Getting enough sleep is good for your body. Sleep helps support your growth and keep you healthy. Adults need seven to eight hours of sleep per night, but kids need more. Children need at least 10 hours of sleep every night.
May 1 is May Day. This ancient holiday celebrates the return of spring. Many cultures celebrate May Day with a maypole. First, they tie ribbons to the top of a pole. Then they wrap the ribbons around the maypole through a traditional dance.
Correct the following sentences. Check capitalization, proper nouns, spelling, punctuation, and homophones.
- Dorothy is a young orphin who live with her Ant Em and uncle Henry on a farm in kansas.
- a cyclone lift the farmhouse and carries Dorothy and toto all the way to oz?
- Their they meat Scarecrow, Tin man, and the cowardly lion.
[Hint: There are 15 corrections in all.]
1. Dorothy is a young orphan who lives with her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry on a farm in Kansas.
2. A cyclone lifts the farmhouse and carries Dorothy and Toto all the way to Oz.
3. There they meet Scarecrow, Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion.
Complete these number sentences.
49 ÷ 8 = __r__
72 ÷ 7 = __r__
59 ÷ 8 = __r__
49 ÷ 8 = 6 r 1
72 ÷ 7 = 10 r 2
59 ÷ 8 = 7 r 3
Coast redwood trees are the tallest trees in the world. They can grow to be more than 300 feet high. Some are as wide as 20 feet in diameter. Coast redwoods are very sturdy trees and can live for hundreds of years. Some of the trees standing today are more than 1,500 years old. Coast redwoods only grow in California and Oregon.
The draisienne was a kind of early bicycle. The two-wheeled machine was made of wood. It had a seat and a board to support the rider's arms. The rider pushed the machine with his feet. The draisienne was invented by Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun in 1817.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, or J.M. Barrie, was a Scottish novelist and playwright. He is most famous for writing the play Peter Pan.
The suffixes -ist and -wright mean "one who."
List five other professions with the suffix -ist. Use two of those professions in sentences.
Example professions include: artist, pianist, violinist, archeologist, cardiologist, conservationist, chemist, dentist, dermatologist, cyclist, florist, etc.
Realism was an art movement in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Books, paintings, and other works of art followed this style at that time. Realist art shows people and situations in a very accurate way. Winslow Homer, Edward Hopper, and Grant Wood were all famous realist painters.
- In 1876, Winslow Homer finished his painting Breezing Up (A Fair Wind). This painting shows a man and three boys returning from a day of fishing on a sailboat.
- Edward Hopper was born in 1882.
- Grant Wood finished his famous painting, American Gothic, in 1930. The painting is of a farmer holding a pitchfork standing next to his daughter.
Add the above dates to a timeline. Label each one.
Sharks are some of the oldest creatures on the planet. They have been swimming in the oceans for more than 400 million years. Sharks predate both humans and dinosaurs. The oldest shark fossils were found in Canada. They date back 409 million years. These fossils came from the ancestors of today's sharks.
Domesticated animals are bred or trained to live with humans. Many domesticated animals are kept as pets. Dogs, cats, and many farm animals are domesticated animals. Dogs were probably the first domesticated animals. They have been living with humans for more than 10,000 years.
The prefix en- means in, into, or within.
Match these words with the prefix en- to their meanings:
entomb to make possible
enclose to bury
enable to make bigger
enlarge to put inside
Use two words with the prefix en- in sentences.
Entomb means to bury.
Enclose means to put inside.
Enable means to make possible.
Enlarge means to make bigger.
Add: 1 1/4 + 1/8
Subtract: 5/12 – 1/3
1 1/4 + 1/8 = 1 3/8
1 1/4 + 1/8 = 1 2/8 + 1/8 = 1 3/8
5/12 – 1/3 = 1/12
5/12 – 1/3 = 5/12 – 4/12 = 1/12
Cactus plants grow in hot, dry regions. Cacti have a fleshy, thick outer layer of cells that store water. These cells allow cacti to soak up and store water when it rains. Many desert animals eat plants to take in water. Cacti have sharp thorns to protect them from these animals. These adaptations help cacti survive in unlikely places.
Music is a large part of Mexican culture. There are many different popular styles of music. Mariachi and son music are two old styles of Mexican music. Mariachi music combines guitars and woodwind instruments. Son music uses mainly string instruments.
Can you figure out what the expressions in bold mean?
- James didn't push Joel; he wouldn't hurt a fly.
- My dad will let me have a television in my room when pigs fly.
- Grace passed the math test with flying colors.
Fill in the blanks using the three expressions above.
- Mom took us out to dinner to celebrate that she passed her law exam ________.
- He's big and strong, but he's gentle. He ________.
- I will stop fighting with my brother ________!
Write your own sentence using one of the idioms.
Wouldn't hurt a fly means to be gentle, or someone who would never injure or hurt someone else.
When pigs fly means something impossible. The phrase is a hyperbole, or an exaggeration, to describe an impossibility.
With flying colors means to be especially successful or victorious.
- Mom took us out to dinner to celebrate that she passed her law exam with flying colors.
- He's big and strong, but he's gentle. He wouldn't hurt a fly.
- I will stop fighting with my brother when pigs fly!
The United States of America became an independent country in 1776. Minnesota became a state in 1858. How many years after 1776 did Minnesota become a state?
Minnesota became a state 82 years after 1776.
1858 - 1776 = 82 years
The yo-yo is one of the world's oldest toys. The ancient Greeks were playing with yo-yos around 400 B.C. Their yo-yos were made of wood, metal, and terra-cotta. The name "yo-yo" comes from the Philippines. "Yo-yo" is Tagalog (the language of the Philippines) for "come back."
Cinco de Mayo is a Mexican holiday. In Spanish, Cinco de Mayo means "fifth of May." Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican history. The holiday is celebrated in Mexico and the United States.