The battles of Lexington and Concord were the first battles of the Revolutionary War, during which the American colonies won their independence from England. The two battles were both fought on April 19, 1775.
Look at the word revolutionary. The base word revolt can be a verb, noun, or adjective.
• fight against authority
• a fight, a rebellion against a government or authority
• fighting against authority
• disgusting, sickening, hideous
Write a sentence using one of the meanings of revolt or revolting.
Solve the math problem.
1 3/4 - 5/8
1 3/4 - 5/8 = 1 1/8
1 3/4 - 5/8 = 1 6/8 - 5/8 = 1 1/8
A volcano is a hole in the earth's crust. There is hot melted rock called magma inside the earth. When a volcano erupts, magma and steam exit from the earth. Volcanic mountains form when a volcano erupts. The hot magma piles up on the earth’s surface. When it cools, it forms a cone-shaped mountain. Each time a volcano erupts, the volcanic mountain around it becomes larger.
The gas used in cars pollutes the air. It releases chemicals into the environment. Bicycles do not use any gas. Riding a bike or walking instead of driving a car helps keep the environment clean.
On the night of April 18, 1775, Paul Revere rode from Boston to Lexington to warn Samuel Adams and John Hancock that the British army was heading their way. It was a dangerous and important mission.
A patriot is a person who supports and defends his or her country. During the American Revolution, a Patriot was a person who wanted the Colonies to be free from British rule.
Add these suffixes to the word patriot to form new words:
Use each word in a sentence.
Paul Revere (1735-1818) made his famous ride in 1775. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (1807-1882) published “Paul Revere’s Ride” in 1861.
Draw a time line and mark the dates when both men were born and died. Also mark Paul Revere's ride and the year when Longfellow published the poem. How long after Revere’s ride did Longfellow write the poem? How old was Longfellow when he wrote it?
Longfellow published the poem 86 years after Revere's ride. Longfellow was 54 years old when he published the poem.
Red foxes have bushy tails. Their tails are almost as long as their bodies. In cold weather, a red fox will use his tail like a blanket. He curls up and drapes his tail over his paws and nose. A fox’s tail also acts as a counter weight and helps the fox keep his balance.
A bathroom sink gives out more than two gallons of water in one minute. That’s as much as two big jugs of milk. Make sure to turn off the water when you brush your teeth. This will save water, which helps the environment.
What part of speech is each bold word?
William Shakespeare was an English writer.
Many people think he was the greatest English writer of all time.
His plays have been translated into 80 different languages.
writer = noun
greatest = adjective
translated = verb
In the early 1900s, it cost a nickel to go to the movies. A movie ticket for a child costs about $7 today.
How many movies could you have seen in the early 1900s for the price of one movie ticket today?
You could have see about 140 movies in the early 1900s for the price of one of today's movie tickets.
$7.00 (today's ticket) ÷ $0.05 (early 1900s ticket) = 140 movies
The trumpeter swan is a large white bird. It is named for its trumpet-like call. The trumpeter swan is one of the largest wild birds in North America. When the swan’s neck is outstretched, the bird can be almost six feet long! Large males can weigh up to 32 pounds.
An old silent pond...
A frog jumps into the pond,
splash! Silence again.
This poem is a haiku. Haikus are a type of Japanese poetry. They are short poems with a specific number of syllables in each line. The three lines in a haiku usually have five syllables, seven syllables, and then five syllables again. Discuss the haiku by Basho. Does it make you think of a pond? How did Basho create that image in your mind?
Correct the sentences. Check spelling, punctuation, agreement, and homophones. [Hint: There are six errors total.]
1. Astronomy is the study of the unoverse?
2. It is won of the oldest of all the science.
3. Many people are curious if their is other life in space
1. Astronomy is the study of the universe.
2. It is one of the oldest of all the sciences.
3. Many people are curious if there is other life in space.
A year on Earth is 365 days. A year on Mars is about 686 Earth days.
If you are 10 years old on Earth, how old would you be on Mars? Show your work.
If you were 10 years old on Earth, you would be about 5 years old on Mars.
10 Earth years x 365 Earth days = 3650 days
3650 days ÷ 686 Mars days = 5.32 Mars years
Banyan trees are large trees that are native to Asia. They grow well in warm climates. Banyan trees are known for their aerial roots, which grow in the air. Aerial roots start growing from the branch of an existing tree. Then they extend down to the ground. Eventually these roots become the trunks of new banyan trees.
There was an old man from Peru,
Who dreamt he was eating his shoe;
He awoke in the night
In a terrible fright
And found it was perfectly true.
This poem is a limerick. A limerick is a short, funny poem with a specific rhyme scheme. Can you identify the rhyme scheme?
The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme and contain eight syllables. The third and fourth lines rhyme and contain six syllables.
The rhyme scheme is aabba.
Unscramble the letters in the words below. Match each word to its definition. [Hint: Each word ends with the same letters.]
1. An instrument that makes distant objects appear larger and closer.
2. An instrument with a powerful lens that enlarges very small things.
3. A medical instrument used to listen to the sounds from a patient’s heart.
Which five letters in each word form the Greek root for see? ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
spshtooeetc = stethoscope = 3. A medical instrument used to listen to the sounds from a patient’s heart.
posmcoreic = microscope = 2. An instrument with a powerful lens that enlarges very small things.
elsoeptce = telescope = 1. An instrument that makes distant objects appear larger and closer.
Greek root for see: scope
The Hubble Space Telescope was named for the American astronomer Edwin P. Hubble (1889-1953). The telescope orbits Earth every 97 minutes. About how many times in one day does the Hubble Space Telescope orbit Earth?
In one day, the Hubble Space Telescope orbits Earth about 15 times.
60 minutes x 24 hours = 1440 minutes in one day
1440 minutes in one day ÷ 97 minutes per orbit = about 15 orbits
A wave is moving energy. The water is not actually traveling with the wave. The water only appears to be moving towards the beach. Instead, it is the energy of the wave that is traveling. Wind creates waves when it blows over the ocean's surface. Energy is transferred from the wind to the water. Sometimes waves occur at the beach when no wind is present. These waves are created by distant ocean storms. The energy has traveled through the ocean water all the way from the storm to the beach.
An acrostic is a type of poem. The poem is written in a column, and the letters that begin each line spell a name or a message. Can you write an acrostic of your own?
Curious and quick the
Takes the mouse!
John James Audubon studied birds. He wrote a famous book that shows all the known species of birds living in the United States during the mid-1800s. He also painted pictures of all the birds.
Change these sentences so they describe the future instead of the past.
John James Audubon will study birds. He will write a famous book that shows all the known species of birds living in the United States during the mid-1800s. He also will paint pictures of all the birds.
1,300 different species of birds have been found in the Amazon rainforest. The number of bird species native to the continental United States is about ½ that many. About how many bird species are native to the continental United States?
About 650 species of birds are native to the continental United States.
1,300 ÷ 2 = 650
1,300 x .50 = 650
Birds, turtles, and other animals hatch from eggs. Some of these animals grow a small tooth to help them break the egg apart. This is called an egg tooth. Egg teeth grow in two forms. Baby birds grow sharp points on their beaks. Reptiles grow teeth that stick out of their mouths. After the baby hatches, the egg tooth falls off or wears away.
Humpty Dumpty sat on a wall,
Humpty Dumpty had a great fall;
All the king's horses and all the king's men
Couldn't put Humpty together again. —Mother Goose
This nursery rhyme is a poem called a quatrain. A quatrain always has four lines. It can be a complete poem or a stanza. Quatrains use a variety of rhyming patterns. One of the most common quatrain rhyming patterns is aabb. The first two lines rhyme and the last two lines rhyme. Another common pattern is abab, in which the first and third lines rhyme and the second and fourth lines rhyme.
William Shakespeare was a famous English playwright.
What does a playwright do?
Playwrights write plays!
How many $5 bills equal one $50 bill? Write a number sentence.
$5 x 10 bills = $50
Opening day is the first day of the Major League Baseball season. The season begins in early April every year. The first opening day games took place on April 22, 1876, when the Boston Red Caps squared off against the Philadelphia Athletics.
Some words sound like the thing they are describing. Meow! Boom! Hiss! All of those words are examples of onomatopoeia. Can you think of others?
More examples: fizz, moo, buzz, clang, beep, splash
Correct the sentences below.
1. may day is selebrated on may first.
2. may day is a traditional Spring festival in many cultures.
3. some peeple dekorate a maypole on may day.
4. the girl in the pikture is dancing around a maypole.
1. May Day is celebrated on May 1.
2. May Day is a traditional spring festival in many cultures.
3. Some people decorate a maypole on May Day.
4. The girl in the picture is dancing around a maypole.
55 ÷ 9 = __ r __
76 ÷ 5 = __ r __
67 ÷ 6 = __ r __
55 ÷ 9 = 6 r 1
76 ÷ 5 = 15 r 1
67 ÷ 6 = 11 r 1
Jaguars, the largest cats in Central and South America, are strong swimmers. They hunt for fish, turtles, and other prey in the water. These big cats also have beautiful coats for which people hunt them.
Shel Silverstein, the renowned author, wrote songs, stories, and plays. Silverstein's poems are famous for being silly and imaginative. Can you create a silly poem?
The bond between the sisters was strong.
A bond is a feeling that unites people. It is a common emotion or interest.
Describe the bond you have with your sisters or brothers. If you don't have siblings, describe a bond you have with someone else.
There are 36 children in the fourth grade. Three out of four children have a sibling. How many children have siblings?
Twenty-seven children have siblings.
In 1969, an astronaut named Neil Armstrong walked on the moon. His footprints remain there because the moon has no wind to blow them away! Between 1969 and 1972, 11 other astronauts walked on the moon.
Daffodils bloom in the spring. These flowers are also called narcissus. This name came from a Greek myth about a man named Narcissus. Narcissus the hunter fell in love with his own reflection in a pool of water. The tilting head of the daffodil mimics Narcissus gazing down at his reflection.
On April 30, 1789, George Washington became the first president of the United States. He took his oath in New York City. New York City was the capital of the country at that time.
List two proper nouns, two verbs, and one adjective used in the paragraph above.
Proper nouns: George Washington, United States, New York City
Verbs: became, took, was
On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. On April 30, 1812, Louisiana became the 18th state.
How many years separated these two events?
1812 – 1789 = 23 years
Why can cutting onions make you cry? When an onion is cut, a natural gas is released. This gas can irritate the eye, causing a stinging feeling. Your body makes tears to try to wash the gas away.
Schools started using chalkboards in the 1800s. Before that, many students used slates at their desks. Slates are small chalkboards for one person to use. Today, some classroom have interactive whiteboards and tablets or laptop computers for students.
Some English words are commonly shortened. What are the long forms of each of these words?
bike = bicycle
math = mathematics
phone = telephone
tux = tuxedo
gas = gasoline
champ = champion
Gavin plays games and watches movies on his computer. He divides his time equally between games and movies.
If Gavin spends 60 minutes on the computer every day, how many hours does he spend playing games in one week? Show your work.
60 x 7 = 420 minutes per week
420 ÷ 2 = 210 minutes playing games each week
210/60 = 3.5 hours of game time each week
White-tailed deer are found in most of North America and parts of South America. White-tailed deer eat plants. Bobcats, mountain lions, and coyotes all hunt these deer. But the white-tailed deer are fast. They can sprint up to 30 miles per hour. They can also jump up to 10 feet high or 30 feet long in a single bound!
May 1 is May Day. This ancient holiday celebrates spring. Many people celebrate May Day with a maypole. First, they tie ribbons to the pole. Then, they wrap the ribbons around the maypole through a traditional dance.