The phoenix is a mythological bird. The phoenix was said to live for at least 500 years. When it was close to the end of its life, the phoenix would build itself a nest and burst into flames. When the flames were gone, a new phoenix would rise from the ashes.
The phoenix is often used as a symbol. Can you think of something that would be symbolically reborn like a phoenix?
A spacecraft is sent to Mars. It enters Mars’ atmosphere at 16,700 miles per hour. A parachute opens and thrusters slow the craft as it descends. It lands at a speed of 1.2 miles per hour.
How many miles per hour did the spaceship slow down in order to land?
The spaceship slowed down 16,698.8 mph in order to land.
16,700 mph – 1.2 mph = 16,698.8 mph
Dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago. But their bones are still buried in the earth. Scientists called paleontologists dig up these bones and carefully clean off the dirt. They study the bones very closely. Paleontologists can learn a lot about dinosaurs from the bones. They can find out what the dinosaurs ate, how they moved, and more.
The frequency of a cricket's chirps is affected by the temperature. The greater the temperature, the more frequently a cricket will chirp. The cooler the temperature, the less often a cricket will chirp. The Old Farmer's Almanac, a farming reference book, created a formula to figure out the temperature based on cricket chirps. Count the number of chirps you hear in 14 seconds and add 40. The sum is the approximate temperature in Fahrenheit.
Identify each of the bold words as a noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, or adjective.
"That very afternoon my father and the cat went down to the docks to see about ships going to the Island of Tangerina. They found out that a ship would be sailing the next week, so right away they started planning for the rescue of the dragon. The cat was a great help in suggesting things for my father to take with him, and she told him everything she knew about Wild Island. Of course, she was too old to go along."
—Ruth Stiles Gannett, My Father's Dragon
A cyclist rides ten miles in one hour. He then speeds up and rides 35 miles in the next hour. Then he slows back down to 20 miles per hour and rides for three hours at this pace. How many miles did he ride?
The cyclist rode 105 miles.
10 miles in Hour 1 = 10 miles
35 miles in Hour 2 = 35 miles
20 miles per hour for Hours 3, 4, and 5 = 20 mph x 3 hours = 60 miles
10 miles + 35 miles + 60 miles = 105 miles
Giraffes are the tallest mammals in the world. They can grow up to 19 feet tall. Giraffes' legs are about six feet long. Their necks are the same length as their legs! Giraffes even have unusually long tongues that can grow to 21 inches. The extreme height of giraffes helps them get food because they can reach leaves on high treetops.
Mermaids and mermen are imaginary sea creatures. They have the upper bodies of humans. Instead of legs, they have tails covered in fish scales. People have told folktales about mermaids and mermen for thousands of years.
Correct the sentences below. Check capitalization, spelling, punctuation, and homophones.
1. Rhode island and Wisconsin celebrate there statehood this weak.
2. rhode island was one of the original Thirteen Colonys?
3. wisconsin are famous for makeing cheese
[Hint: There are 11 errors in all.]
1. Rhode Island and Wisconsin celebrate their statehood this week.
2. Rhode Island was one of the original Thirteen Colonies.
3. Wisconsin is famous for making cheese.
44 ÷ 3 = __ r __
37 ÷ 2 = __ r __
51 ÷ 4 = __ r __
44 ÷ 3 = 14 r 2
37 ÷ 2 = 18 r 1
51 ÷ 4 = 12 r 3
An oasis is an area in the middle of a desert that has an underground water source. The water usually comes from natural wells or springs. Oases can be large or small. Vegetation is able to grow in an oasis. Most of the people who live in the Sahara Desert live in oases.
We often use the words bug and insect to mean the same thing. But bugs and insects are different. Bugs are a type of insect. All bugs eat in the same distinctive way. Bugs feed through a long, pointed mouthpiece. They use their mouthpieces like straws to suck up liquid food.
A journal is a daily record. It can be a personal record, such as a diary. It can also refer to a newspaper. A journalist is someone who reports the news for a newspaper, magazine, television show, or website. Journalism is the profession of reporting the news.
Look at the relationship between the words in bold. Now select a career that you might like to try. Would you like to be an artist? A biologist? A teacher? A writer? List a few words that are related to your career word.
Place the dates on a timeline.
Kentucky became a state in 1792. Tennessee became a state in 1796. Rhode Island became a state in 1790. Ohio became a state in 1803. Wisconsin became a state in 1848.
Athletes sometimes put stripes of black grease under their eyes. The stripes are made of grease called eye black. Eye black helps block out the bright sun and reduce glare. Players started using eye black in the 1940s. Eye black grease is made of wax and carbon. Today, some athletes wear anti-glare stickers.
Fly away home.
Your house is on fire,
And your children all gone;
All except one,
And that's little Ann,
And she has crept under
The warming pan.
This popular English nursery rhyme is about ladybugs. Ladybugs live in many countries in North America and Europe, but they are not called ladybugs everywhere. The American name for this beetle is ladybug. In England, they are called ladybirds. The German name, Marienkafer, translates to lady beetle.
Straight and strait are homophones. Finish the sentences with straight or strait.
When you are driving your boat through the ____, be sure not to turn left or right. Keep going ____ to avoid the rocks.
Write definitions for straight and strait. Use one of the homophones in a sentence of your own.
When you are driving your boat through the strait, be sure not to turn left or right. Keep going straight to avoid the rocks.
straight, adjective: without curves or bends; [moving in] the same direction
strait, noun: a passageway connecting two larger bodies of water
1. Is 1/6 + 1/8 >1/2 or <1/2?
2. Is 6/10 + 1/9 >1/2 or <1/2?
3. Is 1/5 + 2/3 >1/2 or <1/2?
Remember: > means greater than and < means less than.
1. 1/6 + 1/8 < 1/2
2. 6/10 + 1/9 > 1/2
3. 1/5 + 2/3 > 1/2
We use our fingernails as tools. We use them to scratch itches, peel fruit, undo knots, and much more. Fingernails are made of a protein called keratin. Skin and hair are also made of keratin.
Honeybees live in colonies. They collect nectar from flowers and make honey. The honeybee is just one kind of bee. There are about 20,000 different kinds of bees.
Explain the meaning of one of the following quotes.
"Children are our most valuable resource."
"A person's a person, no matter how small."
Read the Saturday morning television schedule:
|Time||Saturday Morning Children's Program Schedule|
|7:30||Live action animal adventures|
|10:00||Live action animal adventures|
How many programs are there?
How many programs are cartoons?
What fraction of the programs are cartoons? Reduce the fraction to lowest terms.
There are 10 programs.
Five of the programs are cartoons.
Cartoons are 5/10 of the programs. 5/10 = 1/2
Many dogs turn in circles before they lie down. Instinct tells dogs to do this. Wild dogs and wolves circle to make a spot outside more comfortable. Outdoors, the circling scares away pests, like bugs and snakes, from a sleeping spot. Although many domestic dogs sleep indoors, they continue to circle like their wild counterparts.
Memorial Day is an American holiday. On Memorial Day, we honor Americans who have died in wars. Many people put flowers on the graves of veterans. There are also religious services and parades around the country. Memorial Day is celebrated annually on the last Monday in May.
Identify each bold word as a noun, proper noun, possessive pronoun, verb, adverb, or adjective.
Roquefort is a type of blue cheese. It is made from ewe's milk. A ewe is a female sheep. Only cheese processed in Roquefort, a region of France, may be labeled "Roquefort" cheese. Roquefort is also one of the oldest known cheeses. It was the favorite cheese of the emperor Charlemagne who ruled much of western Europe from 768 to 814 A.D.
Roquefort: proper noun
1 L = 0.26 gallons
1 kg = 2.2 lb
Greg used 21 liters of milk to make two kilograms of cheese.
About how many gallons is 21 liters of milk?
About how many pounds of cheese did Greg make?
21 liters of milk is about 5.5 gallons of milk.
21 liters x 0.26 gallons per liter = about 5.5 gallons
Greg made about 4.4 pounds of cheese.
2 kg of cheese x 2.2 lb per kg = about 4.4 lb
Mount Rushmore is a huge sculpture in South Dakota. The faces of four presidents are carved into the side of the mountain: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln. Each president's face is about 60 feet tall. About 400 different people helped carve the sculpture. It took 14 years to complete. This famous sculpture attracts three million visitors every year.
A flag at half-staff is flown halfway down a flag pole. Flying flags at half-staff signals a period of mourning. On Memorial Day, flags are flown at half-staff from sunrise until noon. At noon, they are raised to the top of the flag pole.
Correct the sentences below. Check capitalization, spelling, punctuation, subject-verb agreement, and homophones.
- think about a action you could takes or sumthing you could due to help the planet.
- wood it bee dificult for you to not by bottled water.
- Won plastic bottle in the trach can take hundreds of year to brake down?
[Hint: There are 15 errors in all.]
1. Think about an action you could take or something you could do to help the planet.
2. Would it be difficult for you to not buy bottled water?
3. One plastic bottle in the trash can take hundreds of years to break down.
Write the numeral for the number in the sentence.
The government's budget was thirty billion dollars.
When we look at the moon, we see the light reflected from the sun. The amount of moon that we can see changes over the course of 28 days. Once a month, there is a full moon. We can see a full circle of light reflecting off the moon. After the full moon, the moon begins to slowly disappear from our view. Two weeks later, the moon is completely dark to us. This is called a new moon.
Country music is a genre of American music. It grew from folk music in the southern and western United States. It usually includes fiddles, guitars, banjos, and harmonicas. Country music became popular around the nation in the mid-1900s.
Decisive means having the ability to make decisions quickly. A decisive person is someone who is determined and resolute.
The base word of decisive is decide.
Define the following words and use them in sentences.
decide: to make up one's mind
decision: a choice or conclusion reached
undecided: not having made up one's mind
One car costs $23,250. Another car costs $34,250. A third car costs $15,500.
How much do all three of the cars cost together?
Together, the three cars cost $73,000.
Car 1: $23,250 + Car 2: $34,250 = $57,500
Cars 1 and 2: $57,500 + Car 3: $15,500 = $73,000
A dictionary is a book that defines words. Dictionaries show you the correct spelling and pronunciation of words, too. They also tell you the origins of words. Dictionaries have been around for hundreds of years. The ancient Greeks made some of the earliest known dictionaries.
Coral reefs are underwater ecosystems. They are homes to fish and many other sea creatures. The colorful rock-like parts of a coral reef are called coral. Coral is actually a living creature that can grow and die. There are many kinds of coral. They are different shapes, sizes, and colors. Some coral is hard due to a rigid, protective exoskeleton. Other corals are soft and move with the currents.
Vocabulary word: record
- a document or other material object that recalls a past event
- set something in permanent form, such as writing, to refer back to at a later date
What form of the word is used in the sentences below?
- The band recorded its latest album.
- The dentist keeps records for all of his patients.
1. The band recorded its latest album.
Here, record is a verb.
2. The dentist keeps records for all of his patients.
In this sentence, record is a noun.
Estimate the answers.
1. Is 1/3 + 5/8 closer to 1/2 or closer to 1?
2. Is 1/4 + 2/6 closer to 1/2 or closer to 1?
3. Is 3/8 + 5/9 closer to 1/2 or closer to 1?
1. 1/3 + 5/8 is closer to 1
2. 1/4 + 2/6 is closer to 1/2
3. 3/8 + 5/9 is closer to 1
Ice cream is made with milk, cream, and sugar. Long ago, Italian cooks made iced desserts with milk or water. These treats spread to France. Then a café owner in Paris added cream to his ice desserts. He created the ice cream we enjoy today.
All living organisms require water to survive. Water is abundant on Earth. It is found in different physical states. Oceans, lakes, rivers, ponds, snow, ice, clouds, and vapor all contain water. All living organisms require water to survive.
The future of the Earth’s oceans is in your hands!
What does the expression in your hands mean? Write a sentence or two that includes in your hands or its opposite, out of your hands.
In your hands means to be your responsibility or under your care.
Out of your hands means to be uncontrollable or not your responsibility.
The average depth of the ocean is about 14,000 feet. The deepest point in the ocean is the Challenger Deep. It is about 36,200 feet deep. What is the difference between the average depth and the deepest point? About how many miles is that?
[Hint: 1 mile = 5280 feet]
The difference between the average depth and the deepest point is 22,200 feet.
36,200 feet – 14,000 feet = 22,200 feet
22,200 feet is about four miles.
22,200 feet ÷ 5280 feet per mile = 4.2 miles
A sea star, or starfish, is a marine invertebrate. Invertebrates are creatures without backbones. Sea stars usually have five arms that grow along the edge of their bodies and make them look star-shaped. Some sea stars have as many as 50 arms. If a sea star loses an arm, the arm will grow back! There are about 1,600 different kinds of sea stars.
The sun’s rays can burn your skin. Sunscreen protects your skin from being damaged by the sun. You should always wear sunscreen when you spend time outdoors. All sunscreens have an SPF, or Sun Protection Factor, number. The higher the SPF, the more protection the sunscreen provides.