Some English words are commonly shortened. What are the long forms of each of these words?
bike = bicycle
math = mathematics
phone = telephone
tux = tuxedo
gas = gasoline
champ = champion
Gavin plays games and watches movies on his computer. He divides his time equally between games and movies.
If Gavin spends 60 minutes on the computer every day, how many hours does he spend playing games in one week?
Show your work.
Gavin spends 3.5 hours playing games in one week.
60 minutes per day x 7 days per week = 420 minutes on the computer per week
420 minutes per week ÷ 2 activities = 210 minutes playing games each week
210 minutes playing games each week ÷ 60 minutes in an hour = 3.5 hours of game time each week
Onions can make you cry. When you cut an onion, the onion releases a natural gas. This gas is a defense mechanism for the onion. It tries to protect the onion from being eaten. The gas can irritate eyes and cause a stinging feeling. Your body makes tears to wash the gas away and protect your eyes.
Schools started using chalkboards in the early 1800s. Before that, students used slates at their desks. Slates are small chalkboards for one person to use. Teachers walked around the room and taught students one at a time. They would write a problem or prompt on each student's slate. The teachers had to copy the same information again and again. Then teachers began mounting large chalkboards on their classroom walls. All of the students in a class could see the large chalkboard at the same time.
On April 30, 1789, George Washington became the first president of the United States. He took his oath in New York City. New York City was the capital of the country at that time.
List two proper nouns, two verbs, and one adjective used in the paragraph above.
Proper nouns: George Washington, United States, New York City
Verbs: became, took, was
On April 30, 1789, George Washington was sworn in as the first president of the United States. On April 30, 1939, the New York World's Fair opened in New York City.
How many years separated these two events?
150 years separated these two events.
1939 (New York World's Fair) – 1789 (Washington) = 150 years
White-tailed deer are found in most of North America and parts of South America. They are herbivores and eat mainly plants and fruit. Bobcats, mountain lions, and coyotes all hunt these deer. But white-tailed deer are fast. They can sprint up to 30 miles per hour. They can jump up to 10 feet high!
Kindergarten was invented in Europe in the early 1800s. It was sometimes called "Infant School." The first kindergarten in the United States opened in 1856. In German, the word kindergarten means "children's garden."
Correct the sentences below.
1. may day is selebrated on the first day of may.
2. may day is a traditional Spring festival in many cultures.
3. some peeple dekorate a maypole on may day.
4. the girl in the pikture is dancing around a maypole.
1. May Day is celebrated on the first day of May.
2. May Day is a traditional spring festival in many cultures.
3. Some people decorate a maypole on May Day.
4. The girl in the picture is dancing around a maypole.
Dora is making ribbons. Each ribbon is six inches long and one inch wide. How many ribbons can she make with a yard of fabric that is 36 inches wide?
[Hint: A yard of fabric is three feet long.]
Dora can make 216 ribbons.
A yard is 3 feet, or 36 inches, long. The fabric is 36 inches long and 36 inches wide.
Length: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 6 inches per ribbon = 6 lengths of ribbon
Width: 36 inches of fabric ÷ 1 inch per ribbon = 36 widths of ribbon
Total: 6 lengths of ribbon x 36 widths of ribbon = 216 ribbons
Peanuts are not really nuts. They are the seeds, or legumes, of a peanut plant. The seeds grow underground. We get peanuts by uprooting the plant and shaking it until the peanut pods fall off.
May 1 is May Day. This ancient holiday celebrates the return of spring. Many cultures celebrate May Day with a maypole. First, they tie ribbons to the top of a pole. Then they wrap the ribbons around the maypole through a traditional dance.
Identify the bold words as nouns, proper nouns, or verbs.
The White House is the home of the president of the United States. The president lives in the White House. He also has his offices there. The White House is in Washington, D.C.
White House = proper noun
home = noun
lives = verb
is = verb
The Enriquez family went to the museum together. Each person left at a different time. Lindsey spent two hours at the museum. Katie spent 90 minutes at the museum. Martin spent 30 minutes at the museum. What was the average amount of time the Enriquez family members spent at the museum?
The average time spent at the museum was 80 minutes.
Lindsey: 2 hours = 60 minutes + 60 minutes = 120 minutes
Katie: 90 minutes
Martin: 30 minutes
120 minutes + 90 minutes + 30 minutes = 240 minutes
240 minutes ÷ 3 people = 80 minutes average
Getting enough sleep is good for your body. Sleep helps support your growth and keep you healthy. Adults need seven to eight hours of sleep per night, but kids need more. Children need at least 10 hours of sleep every night.
A geyser is a hole in the earth from which hot water and steam erupt. Hot water lies underneath the earth's surface near a geyser. The earth around the geyser traps the water. The hot water cannot move freely. Pressure builds up and eventually explodes. The geyser erupts with steam and water. Old Faithful is a famous geyser. It is in Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming. Old Faithful erupts regularly every 35 to 120 minutes.
Correct the sentences below. Check capitalization, proper nouns, punctuation, and homophones.
1. this is the first weak of may.
2. how do you show you're teacher you appreciate him or her.
3. many kids will bring they're teacher a apple?
[Hint: There are 10 errors in all.]
1. This is the first week of May.
2. How do you show your teacher you appreciate him or her?
3. Many kids will bring their teacher an apple.
A pound of apples is about three medium size apples. A peck of apples is about 11 pounds. A bushel of apples is about 44 pounds.
1. About how many medium apples are there in a peck?
2. About how many medium apples are there in a bushel?
3. How many teachers are there in your school? How many pounds of apples would it take to give each teacher an apple today?
1. There are about 33 medium apples in one peck.
3 medium apples per pound x 11 pounds of apples per peck = 33 medium apples
2. There are about 132 apples in one bushel.
3 medium apples per pound x 44 pounds of apples per bushel = 132 medium apples
3. Divide the number of teachers by 3 apples per pound: # of teachers ÷ 3 medium apples per pound = pounds of apples needed
Example: 15 teachers ÷ 3 medium apples per pound = 5 pounds of apples needed
The first Tuesday of every May is Teacher Appreciation Day. Teachers work hard every day to help students learn. Today is a day to celebrate their dedication. Make sure to thank your teachers today and every day of the school year!
Cinco de Mayo is a Mexican holiday. In Spanish, Cinco de Mayo means "fifth of May." Cinco de Mayo is a celebration of Mexican history. The holiday is celebrated in Mexico and the United States.
Sir James Matthew Barrie, or J.M. Barrie, was a Scottish novelist and playwright. He is most famous for writing the play Peter Pan.
The suffixes -ist and -wright mean "one who."
List five other professions with the suffix -ist. Use two of those professions in sentences.
Example professions include: artist, pianist, violinist, archeologist, cardiologist, conservationist, chemist, dentist, dermatologist, cyclist, florist, etc.
Realism was an art movement in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Books, paintings, and other works of art followed this style at that time. Realist art shows people and situations in a very accurate way. Winslow Homer, Edward Hopper, and Grant Wood were all famous realist painters.
- In 1876, Winslow Homer finished his painting Breezing Up (A Fair Wind). This painting shows a man and three boys returning from a day of fishing on a sailboat.
- Edward Hopper was born in 1882.
- Grant Wood finished his famous painting, American Gothic, in 1930. The painting is of a farmer holding a pitchfork standing next to his daughter.
Add the above dates to a timeline. Label each one.
Sharks are some of the oldest creatures on the planet. They have been swimming in the oceans for more than 400 million years. Sharks predate both humans and dinosaurs. The oldest shark fossils were found in Canada. They date back 409 million years. These fossils came from the ancestors of today's sharks.
Mother's Day is celebrated around the world. But not all countries celebrate it on the same day. In the United States, Mother's Day is the second Sunday in May. Mexico celebrates the holiday on May 10. In the United Kingdom, Mother's Day is the fourth Sunday of Lent. Russia celebrates on the last Sunday of November.
The prefix en- means in, into, or within.
Match these words with the prefix en- to their meanings:
entomb to make possible
enclose to bury
enable to make bigger
enlarge to put inside
Use two words with the prefix en- in sentences.
Entomb means to bury.
Enclose means to put inside.
Enable means to make possible.
Enlarge means to make bigger.
Add: 1 1/4 + 1/8
Subtract: 5/12 – 1/3
1 1/4 + 1/8 = 1 3/8
1 1/4 + 1/8 = 1 2/8 + 1/8 = 1 3/8
5/12 – 1/3 = 1/12
5/12 – 1/3 = 5/12 – 4/12 = 1/12
Cactus plants grow in hot, dry regions. Cacti have a fleshy, thick outer layer of cells that store water. These cells allow cacti to soak up and store water when it rains. Many desert animals eat plants to take in water. Cacti have sharp thorns to protect them from these animals. These adaptations help cacti survive in unlikely places.
Music is a large part of Mexican culture. There are many different popular styles of music. Mariachi and son music are two old styles of Mexican music. Mariachi music combines guitars and woodwind instruments. Son music uses mainly string instruments.
Can you figure out what the expressions in bold mean?
- James didn't push Joel; he wouldn't hurt a fly.
- My dad will let me have a television in my room when pigs fly.
- Grace passed the math test with flying colors.
Fill in the blanks using the three expressions above.
- Mom took us out to dinner to celebrate that she passed her law exam ________.
- He's big and strong, but he's gentle. He ________.
- I will stop fighting with my brother ________!
Write your own sentence using one of the idioms.
Wouldn't hurt a fly means to be gentle, or someone who would never injure or hurt someone else.
When pigs fly means something impossible. The phrase is a hyperbole, or an exaggeration, to describe an impossibility.
With flying colors means to be especially successful or victorious.
- Mom took us out to dinner to celebrate that she passed her law exam with flying colors.
- He's big and strong, but he's gentle. He wouldn't hurt a fly.
- I will stop fighting with my brother when pigs fly!
The United States of America became an independent country in 1776. Minnesota became a state in 1858. How many years after 1776 did Minnesota become a state?
Minnesota became a state 82 years after 1776.
1858 - 1776 = 82 years
The yo-yo is one of the world's oldest toys. The ancient Greeks were playing with yo-yos around 400 B.C. Their yo-yos were made of wood, metal, and terra-cotta. The name "yo-yo" comes from the Philippines. "Yo-yo" is Tagalog (the language of the Philippines) for "come back."
People celebrate Mother's Day around the world. Mothers receive cards and gifts in many countries. In Ethiopia, families sing songs and eat a feast. In France, mothers receive flower-shaped cakes. In Mexico, families attend a church service and listen to music.
Identify the bold words in these sentences as nouns, proper nouns, verbs, or adjectives.
Many spring flowers bloom in May. Azaleas, lilacs, and tulips are three flowers that bloom in May. What are your favorite types of spring flowers?
May: proper noun
If a chicken lays about six eggs a week, about how many eggs will she lay in one year? About how many dozen eggs will a chicken lay in one year?
[Hint: There are 52 weeks in one year. There are 12 items in a dozen.]
A chicken will lay about 312, or 26 dozen, eggs in one year.
6 eggs per week x 52 weeks per year = 312 eggs per year
312 eggs per year ÷ 12 eggs per dozen = 26 dozen eggs per year
Moths and butterflies belong to the same group of insects. In biology, this group is called Lepidoptera. Moths and butterflies both begin life as caterpillars. Then they build cocoons and transform into winged insects. Most moths' wings are dull in color, while butterflies have brightly colored wings. The wing colors of these two insects match their environments. Moths blend in with leaves and bark. Butterflies drink nectar from colorful flowers.
The word bicycle means a two-wheeled vehicle. The root bi- means two. The word cycle comes from the Greek word kyklos, meaning circle or wheel.
Correct the following sentences. Check capitalization, proper nouns, spelling, punctuation, and homophones.
- Dorothy is a young orphin who live with her Ant Em and uncle Henry on a farm in kansas.
- a cyclone lift the farmhouse and carries Dorothy and toto all the way to oz?
- Their they meat Scarecrow, Tin man, and the cowardly lion.
[Hint: There are 15 corrections in all.]
1. Dorothy is a young orphan who lives with her Aunt Em and Uncle Henry on a farm in Kansas.
2. A cyclone lifts the farmhouse and carries Dorothy and Toto all the way to Oz.
3. There they meet Scarecrow, Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion.
Complete these number sentences.
49 ÷ 8 = __r__
72 ÷ 7 = __r__
59 ÷ 8 = __r__
49 ÷ 8 = 6 r 1
72 ÷ 7 = 10 r 2
59 ÷ 8 = 7 r 3
Coast redwood trees are the tallest trees in the world. They can grow to be more than 300 feet high. Some are as wide as 20 feet in diameter. Coast redwoods are very sturdy trees and can live for hundreds of years. Some of the trees standing today are more than 1,500 years old. Coast redwoods only grow in California and Oregon.
The draisienne was a kind of early bicycle. The two-wheeled machine was made of wood. It had a seat and a board to support the rider's arms. The rider pushed the machine with his feet. The draisienne was invented by Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun in 1817.
The prefix im- can mean into or not.
Sort the words according to the meaning of the prefix. Use one word from each list in a sentence of your own.
The class did a survey of everyone's favorite movies. Each student picked one movie as his or her favorite. Count the tallied results.
| | | | | |
| | | | |
| | | | | | |
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone:
| | | | | | | | |
Now use that information to complete these sentences:
- The most popular movie is ____.
- The second most popular movie is ____.
- The two least popular movies are ____ and ____.
- There are ____ students in the class.
The Smurfs: 6
Toy Story: 5
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone: 9
- The most popular movie is Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone.
- The second most popular movie is Cars.
- The two least popular movies are The Smurfs and Toy Story.
- There are 27 students in the class.
Wolves live in groups called packs. A pack usually has between six and ten wolves. Some packs have around 24 wolves. The leaders of a pack are called alpha wolves; one is male and one is female. They are the strongest members of the pack. The ordering of the pack depends on strength and the ability to win fights. In most packs, only the alpha male and female have pups.
The Tour de France is a three-week-long bicycle race in July. The bicyclists travel all around France. The first race was held in 1903. The race has occurred almost every year since then. The only years without a Tour de France were during the World Wars. The race has become one of the most famous bicycle races in the world.