What does the bold word in each sentence mean? What does the suffix -able mean?
1. An extra pillow made grandpa more comfortable.
2. Her new sweater is very fashionable.
Write your own sentence using a word with the suffix -able.
1. more able to feel comfort
2. more in fashion
The suffix -able means more capable of being or doing
1 mile (mi) = about 1.6 kilometers (km)
2 miles = about ___ kilometers
10 mi = about ___ km
2 miles = about 3.2 kilometers
10 mi = about 16 km
Do you get tired after Thanksgiving dinner? Your digestive system is probably working hard. Thanksgiving foods tend to be heavy and high in carbohydrates. This food takes more energy to digest.
Many Native Americans in southeastern Massachusetts in the 1600s belonged to the Wampanoag tribe. Wampanoag means Eastern People or People of the First Light. Wampanoag children learned skills by watching adults. All Wampanoag children learned how to swim. This was important because the Wampanoag often traveled by boat. Wampanoag boys learned how to shoot arrows and hunt. Wampanoag girls learned how to make pots, weave, and sew clothing.
Rewrite the sentences using possessive pronouns for the bold words.
1. The sister of the girl is the same age as Alice.
2. The dog that belongs to the boys is named Roger.
3. A bike that belongs to me is broken.
1. Her sister is the same age as Alice.
2. Their dog is named Roger.
3. My bike is broken.
Use expanded notation to solve:
43 × 7 = ___
68 × 9 = ___
43 × 7 = (40 × 7) + (3 × 7) = 301
68 × 9 = (60 × 9) + (8 × 9) = 612
Polar bears live in the Arctic where it is extremely cold all year long. They have thick fur and a thick layer of fat to keep them warm. Polar bears are some of the largest bears in the world. They grow to eight feet long. Some polar bears weigh more than 1,000 pounds. Baby polar bears are small. They weigh less than two pounds when they are born.
Have you ever written a letter? December is Write a Friend month. Before telephones and email were invented, handwritten letters were the best way to stay in touch with friends who lived far away. Today some friends who live far apart stay in touch using letters or email. We call those people pen pals.
Use commas to set off nouns of direct address.
Add commas to correct the sentences.
1. Ladies and gentlemen please be seated.
2. Actors take your places for the opening number.
Write your own sentences with commas setting off nouns of direct address.
1. Ladies and gentlemen, please be seated.
2. Actors, take your places for the opening number.
Write the division problems two different ways: using ÷ and as a fraction using /
Example: ten divided by five = 10 ÷ 5 and 10/5
forty-two divided by seven
sixty-four divided by eight
forty-two divided by seven = 42 ÷ 7 and 42/7
sixty-four divided by eight = 64 ÷ 8 and 64/8
Days are shorter in winter. There are more hours of darkness. So many winter festivals around the world include lights and candles. The lights brighten up a dark and cold time of the year. Hanukkah, Christmas, and Kwanzaa traditions use candles. So do celebrations for the Chinese New Year, La Posada in Mexico, St. Lucia Day in Sweden, and Diwali in India.
Playing dreidel is a Hanukkah tradition. Dreidels are tops that spin. They have four sides. Each side shows a letter from the Hebrew alphabet. The letters are nun, gimel, hay, and shin. They mean take nothing, take everything, take half, and put in. Players take turns spinning the dreidel. Depending on how the dreidel lands, they move game pieces like candies or coins in and out of a center pot.
Once you know what a root word means, you can figure out the meaning of two or more other words.
What does the bold word mean in each sentence? What does the root mean? Write another word with the root.
1.He replaced a pedal on his bike.
2. Most mammals walk on four legs, but humans are bipeds.
1. pedal: a lever you push with your foot
2. bipeds: animals with two feet
The root word ped- means foot.
Other words with ped-: pedestrian, pedestal, peddler
1 kilometer (km) = .621 miles (mi)
2 km = ____ mi
10 km = ____ mi
2 km = 1.242 mi
10 km = 6.210 mi
The largest snowman in the world was 122 feet and 1 inch tall. It was built in Bethel, Maine, in 2008. Many people helped build it. They had to use a 150-foot crane to reach the top! The project took them a whole month. They named the giant snowman Olympia for Olympia Snowe, one of Maine’s senators.
"Thirty days hath September, April, June, and November. All the rest have thirty-one, except for February alone, which has four and twenty-four, and every leap year one day more."
This rhyme may help you remember how many days are in each month. The rhyme is more than 450 years old. One version was written in the 15th century. Many other versions have been written since then.
Finish each sentence with do, due, or dew. Then write your own sentences using each of the homophones.
1. In the morning, the ___ on the grass glistens.
2. I __ not have any homework tonight.
3. Our reports are ___ on Friday the thirteenth!
1. In the morning, the dew on the grass glistens.
2. I do not have any homework tonight.
3. Our reports are due on Friday the thirteenth!
To add mixed fractions with unlike denominators, change the mixed fractions to improper fractions. Multiply the fraction so the denominators are the same. Add the fractions. Then change the improper sum to a proper fraction in lowest terms.
1 1/2 + 2 3/4 = 3/2 + 11/4 = 6/4 + 11/4 = 17/4 = 4 1/4
Illustrate the following equations:
1 3/8 + 2 1/4 = ___
1 1/3 + 2 1/2 = ___
1 3/8 + 2 1/4 = 11/8 + 9/4 = 11/8 + 18/8 = 29/8 = 3 5/8
1 1/3 + 2 1/2 = 4/3 + 5/2 = 8/6 + 15/6 = 23/6 = 3 5/6
Archaeologists learn about ancient peoples and their cultures. They study artifacts, which are man-made objects that have been buried in the earth. One group of archaeologists discovered the world’s oldest zoo in Egypt. They found bones from 112 animals. The bones are from 3500 B.C. The animals may have belonged to a powerful ruler.
The coldest place in the world is Vostok, Antarctica. On July 21, 1983, it reached negative 128.6 degrees Fahrenheit. People do not live in Vostok. It is far too cold.
What does the bold word mean in each sentence? Write your own sentences using each meaning.
1. The twins were raised by their grandparents.
2. The workers asked their boss for a raise.
3. Raise your hand if you know the answer.
1. look after until grown
2. higher pay
3. lift up
Joey saved $29.00 for his party. He bought goodie bags for his ten guests. One goodie bag costs $2.29. How much will he have left after buying ten goodie bags? Show your work.
$2.29 × 10 = $22.90
$29.00 – $22.90 = $6.10
Conifers are a type of tree that make their seeds in cones, rather than in flowers. There are 588 species of conifers that produce cones in all shapes and sizes. The Coulter pine tree has the largest pinecones. They can weigh up to 10 pounds.
The President's pastry chefs make a White House out of gingerbread every year. The tradition started in 1969. The chefs made a simple model of the White House. Today, the gingerbread White House takes months to plan and build. The chefs use hundreds of pounds of gingerbread and icing.
Rewrite the present tense sentence in the past tense. Rewrite the past tense sentence in the present tense.
1. Five elves wrap presents.
2. The reindeer landed on the roof.
1. Five elves wrapped presents.
2. The reindeer land on the roof or The reindeer are landing on the roof.
Use expanded notation to solve the equations:
24 × 12 = ___
58 × 14 = ___
(20 × 12) + (4 × 12) = 288
(50 × 14) + (8 × 14) = 812
Reindeer live in cold, snowy places. They can be found in Norway, Finland, Sweden, Russia, and the state of Alaska. Reindeer have large hooves that spread apart as they walk. That helps keep the reindeer from sinking in the snow. Reindeer also use their hooves to dig in snow. They dig to find lichen, a type of fungus. They eat lichen in the winter when there is not much food. Reindeer eat grass, leaves, and mushrooms in the summer.
Speed skating is an Olympic sport. Speed skaters wear special ice skates. The ice skates have long blades. The blades are extra sharp. Speed skaters also wear tight body suits. The suits and skates help skaters reach high speeds in races. Some Olympic skaters can skate close to 40 miles per hour.
Rewrite the sentence with quotation marks to set off the words the speaker says, as in this example.
He said, “Let’s go to the movies.”
Remember that end punctuation goes inside the quotation.
1. Mom said, You can go after you clean up your room.
2. Did you finish your homework? Dad asked.
Rule: The first word in a quotation begins with ___________.
1. Mom said, "You can go after you clean up your room."
2. "Did you finish your homework?" Dad asked.
Rule: The first word in a quotation begins with a capital letter.
126 ÷ 9 = ___
144/12 = ___
126 ÷ 9 = 14
144/12 = 12
Snow looks white because it bounces light back towards us. Snow does not absorb any light. This means all the colors are reflected off the snow. Our eyes see all of these colors together as white.
Kwanzaa is a winter holiday celebrated by people of African descent. The holiday is based on African harvest festivals. It begins every year on December 26 and ends on January 1. Every night, people light candles in a candleholder called a kinara. The candles are red, black, and green. There are seven candles altogether.
When you know what a root word means, you can figure out the meaning of two or more other words.
Complete each of these words that include the root -rupt.
1. A volcano ____rupted in Iceland.
2. It is rude to ____rupt when someone is speaking.
What does -rupt mean?
1. A volcano erupted in Iceland.
2. It is rude to interrupt when someone is speaking.
-rupt means: break
1 cup (c) = 8 ounces (oz)
1 pint (pt) = 2 cups
1. How many ounces are in one cup?
2. How many ounces are in half a cup?
3. How many ounces are in one pint?
4. How many ounces are in two pints?
8 oz in a cup
4 oz in a half a cup
16 oz in one pint
32 oz in two pints
La Posada is a Mexican holiday. It is celebrated in Mexico and the United States during the nine days before Christmas. During La Posada, people walk in a procession. They visit different homes on each night. They carry candles and sing holiday songs. On the final night, there is a big party. Children break open piñatas filled with candy and gifts. Families eat tasty foods and drink traditional Mexican hot chocolate.
Yuletide is a word used to mean the Christmas season. It comes from ancient Germany. Yule was a religious festival celebrated for twelve days in winter. It was celebrated around the time of the December solstice. Many of the traditions of the Yule holiday became part of modern day Christmas celebrations.
Finish each sentence with one of the homophones for or four. Then write your own sentences using the homophones.
1. I get home from school around ___ in the afternoon.
2. These magazines are ___ my sister.
Can you think of a rule for remembering the difference between the words?
1. I get home from school around four in the afternoon.
2. These magazines are for my sister.
Rule: The number word has four letters.
To add mixed fractions, change each mixed fraction to an improper fraction. Then change the improper fractions to improper fractions with the same denominators. Add the fractions. Then change the improper sum to a proper fraction, or mixed number, in lowest terms.
Solve and illustrate this equation.
1 1/2 + 1 1/3 =
1 1/2 + 1 1/3 = 3/2 + 4/3 = 9/6 + 8/6 = 17/6 = 2 5/6
To illustrate the equation, color in three 1/2 pieces and four 1/3 pieces.
Some trees lose their leaves in the fall, but evergreen trees keep their leaves all year long. Some evergreens live in tropical climates. It doesn’t get cold enough for them to lose their leaves. These evergreens have broad, thick leaves. Evergreens in cold climates have special needle-like leaves. These needles are strong and can survive cold winters.
Have you seen a coin worth a dollar? Some dollar coins show a picture of Susan B. Anthony. She lived during the 1800s. She fought for women to have the same rights as men. Her efforts helped make a law that allowed women to vote. Susan B. Anthony was the first woman shown on U.S. currency. Her coin was issued in 1979.
What does file mean in each sentence? Write your own sentence using each meaning of the word.
1. Can you open the file?
2. They waited for the bus in single file.
3. Use an emery board to file your nails.
1. a place to keep papers or information in order
2. a line of people or things
3. to smooth or rub away a surface with a filing tool
Emma wants to make beaded necklaces for her friends. She has $35 to spend on beads. If each yard of beads cost $4.95, about how many yards can she buy? She will use 20 inches of beads for each necklace. How many necklaces can she make?
Show your work.
$35 ÷ $5 = 7 yards
7 yards × 36 inches per yard = 252 inches
252 inches ÷ 20 inches per necklace = about 12 necklaces
Many people decorate for winter holidays with poinsettias, a bright red plant. People love their bright red color. The plant's flowers are not the red leaves. The little circles in the middle of the leaves are the flowers. Still, most people know the poinsettia best for the vibrant red parts. Poinsettias are native to Mexico. The ancient Aztecs used the famous leaves for dye.
Snowshoe hares are small mammals that look like rabbits. They live in the colder parts of North America. They have large feet that help them walk on top of the snow. Snowshoe hares are white in the winter. In the summer their coat changes color. Snowshoe hares slowly become brown in the spring.