Using Lyrics for Beyond Literal Comprehension
- Grades: 3–5, 6–8, 9–12
Howard Gardner suggests that intelligence is not merely being able to read or do mathematical calculations. It encompasses several different components, one of which is music. I like to use music in my classroom to manage the day and to tap into the talents of those students who are high on the musical intelligence spectrum. One way to engage these students in reading is to use lyrics to teach the difference between the literal and beyond literal meaning of texts.
Photo courtesy of Filomena Scalise.
BENEFITS OF SONG LYRIC ANALYSIS
- Engages students with high musical intelligence and auditory learners.
- Teaches students to differentiate between literal and beyond literal meaning of texts.
- Offers many examples of similes, metaphors, and personification.
- Allows students to practice discussion skills, which include supporting opinions with examples.
- Teaches the reading comprehension strategy of making connections between the text and the world, the self, another text, or even other songs.
- Makes a Friday something to look forward to.
- The first step in teaching this lesson is to print up the lyrics. I usually copy and paste the lyrics from the Internet and then format them to look like a regular text. I purposely do not include the author or title.
- I distribute the lyrics, and we read a few lines at a time. We try to figure out what the literal message is and what the author might really be trying to say.
- After analyzing the words, we listen to the song in its entirety while the students reread the lyrics.
- We hold another discussion. Any opinions must be supported by examples from the text. Connections between self, world, text, and other songs are encouraged.
- Propose the final discussion question or assessment piece: Using only characters from stories we have discussed in this class, which one would most likely be singing this song and why?
TOP TEN SONGS I USE
- "Fireflies" by Owl City — As an example of how this prompts great discussion, some students have interpreted the "fireflies" as the little electronic lights that glow throughout our houses at night. Others suggest that the "fireflies" are memories that you cannot get out of your head.
- "Firework" by Katy Perry — This is a brand new song that I am using this year. It talks about not letting yourself wallow in pity or succumb to your fears. It encourages you to ignite your internal flame and allow it to become infectious. The video for this has some powerful underlying stories that add to the song. Starts off with a few great similes.
- "Breakaway" by Kelly Clarskon
- "The Climb" by Miley Cyrus
- "On the Brightside" by Never Shout Never
- "For Good" from the Broadway musical Wicked — A great song about how others change you just by interacting with you. Some for good. Some for bad. Do you agree? Do you believe everything happens for a reason? This is great for the end of the year. Nice similes.
- "Corner of the Sky" from the Broadway musical Pippen — Everyone is searching for their purpose in life. Everyone wants to fit in.
- "Puff the Magic Dragon" by Peter, Paul, and Mary — Contrary to some, this song is not about drugs. There is also one additional verse in which Jackie Paper's child finds Puff. I could not find the verse on the Internet, but it is out there!
- "I Hope You Dance" by Lee Ann Womack
RULES WHEN CHOOSING SONGS
- Listen to the lyrics in advance.
- Research on Urban Dictionary any slang terms to ensure appropriateness.
What songs do you analyze in your classroom? What interpretations do you have for some of these lyrics?
2i2 is a trademark of Mr. Vasicek's classroom.