Whole-Class Reading Instruction: Shared Reading and Storia
Tips for using Storia for shared reading with both beginning and fluent readers
- Grades: PreK–K, 1–2, 3–5, 6–8
Shared reading is about active participation with your expert support. Depending on your instructional purpose, a reading session will either be geared to “read-aloud” or will become a “shared reading” activity.
Here's how e-reading with Storia aligns with the instructional features of a shared reading experience:
- The shared reading text should be near the instructional reading level for most students. Storia’s growing library of thousands of e-books includes books at every reading level, with leveling information that makes it easy for teachers to identify on-level e-books for their students.
- The text should be short (short story, poem, excerpt of longer text). Teachers can use Storia’s highlighting tool to mark off a specific passage to use as a shared reading text.
- The Storia e-book can be projected onto an interactive whiteboard or screen so all students can see and interact with it, making it perfect for shared reading. Projecting the e-book also allows group interaction with Storia’s enriched features.
- The teacher reads the text aloud during the first reading. Students may read the text aloud, chorally, or silently during subsequent readings. Teachers may use the Storia read-aloud feature for picture books and leveled readers to demonstrate a fluent read of the text. Students can also practice reading aloud the text with the Storia read-aloud playing in the background for fluency support.
- Students can participate to collectively make meaning of the text. Storia’s enriched features motivate students and actively engage them in text exploration and classroom discussion about the text.
- The focus is on comprehension and skills, including fluency and decoding. Using Storia’s note, highlighter, and dictionary features enables students to practice both their literal and higher level comprehension skills when engaged in text exploration and discussion of a shared text.
Shared Reading for Beginning Readers
- Study surface structures of text. For early readers, shared reading will mostly focus on the surface structures of a text—high frequency words, decoding, syntax, concepts of print, and fluency.
- Use predictable text. Patterned stories that contain repeated lines, phrases, or sentences are good choices for shared reading. The Storia e-book collection includes many predictable books that lend themselves to shared reading.
- Build fluency with choral reading. Choral reading not only helps students build their fluency, it also builds classroom community as all students participate in reading aloud together.
- Read together. To encourage student participation, invite students to tap each word as you read the text chorally. Other students can be in charge of turning the pages of the e-book.
- Repeat readings. Shared reading often continues over several days with repeated rereadings of the same e-book. Each rereading can focus on a different instructional point.
- Make meaning with picture clues. Emphasize the importance of using pictures and other visual cues to create meaning.
- Create a shared-reading word wall, a classroom display of newly acquired vocabulary. Invite students to help you choose words from your shared reading texts to add to your class word wall.
Shared Reading for Fluent Readers
- Study deep structures of text. For fluent or advanced readers, shared reading will often focus on the deep structures of reading—word usage, prior knowledge, reading for a purpose, and so on. By leaving a note in a shared reading book, you can direct your students’ instructional focus during shared reading.
- Revisit text passages. Use short segments of an e-book that you have already read aloud to your class. Revisit one or two pages for the shared reading.
- Work with complex text. Use shared reading to support students working with more complex texts. Support students in using strategies to tackle complicated text features to fully comprehend advanced books.
- Align to word study. Use shared reading to focus on conventions of text that match your word study topics. For example, older students may read a shared text to analyze an author’s use of commas.
- Support test prep. Embed testing language into your shared reading discussion to familiarize your older students with the language in standardized exams. Many e-books have with short quizzes that help students practice their test-taking skills.
- Mark supporting evidence. Introduce Question-Answer Relationships (QAR) or other testing strategies during your Storia shared reading lessons. Students can use the highlighter tool to mark supporting evidence when they answering questions or supporting an argument within the text.