- Grades: 6–8, 9–12
1. How many passengers set sail from England on board the Mayflower and how many arrived?
One hundred two passengers sailed over on the Mayflower and 102 arrived. One passenger, William Butten, a servant of Deacon Samuel Fuller, died at sea, and one child was born.
2. Who was the child born on the Mayflower during the crossing?
Oceanus, son of Stephen and Elizabeth Hopkins.
3. How many days did it take the Mayflower to cross the Atlantic?
The Mayflower's crossing took 66 days.
4. Who was the first Pilgrim child born after the ship arrived?
Peregrine White, son of William and Susanna White.
5. When did the Pilgrims first set foot on American soil?
On November 11, 1620, on present-day Provincetown, Massachusetts, at the tip of Cape Cod.
6. Who was Plymouth Colony's first governor?
John Carver, elected twice, once in November of 1620 aboard the Mayflower and again in March of 1621. He died in April of 1621.
7. Who were the first Pilgrims to be married in New England?
Edward Winslow and Susanna White, both widowed during the first winter. They were married in a civil ceremony, as was the custom, on May 12, 1621.
8. How many Pilgrims survived the first winter (1620–1621)?
Out of 102 passengers, 51 survived, only four of the married women, Elizabeth Hopkins, Eleanor Billington, Susanna White Winslow, and Mary Brewster. These four women, along with the older girls, oversaw food preparation for the three-day harvest feast for the colonists, Massasoit, and his 90 Indian men — the feast that we now call "The First Thanksgiving." (fifty-two English were at that feast as Peregrine was born after their arrival.)
9. What eating utensil would not have been found at the harvest feast of 1621?
The Pilgrims didn't use forks. They used a knife, a spoon, a large napkin and fingers, and shared plates and drinking vessels.
10. What is the title of William Bradford's history of the early years of the colony?
The book is titled Of Plimoth Plantation and was written by the second governor in his later years. This book is held in the Massachusetts archives.
Courtesy Plimoth Plantation Education Department.