Article

The Columbian Exchange: An Overview

Discover the goods traded between the Americas and Europe — including produce, plants, and animals — thanks to Columbus' voyages.

  • Grades: 3–5, 6–8

A major consequence of Columbus' voyages was the eventual exchange of goods between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (the Americas). Listed below are some of the goods that were shared in this "Columbian Exchange" between the continents.

 

From Europe to the Americas
Bananas Barley Cabbages Carnations
Chickens Coffee Cows Crabgrass
Daffodils Daisies Dandelions Horses
Lemons Lettuce Lilacs Olives
Oranges Peaches Pears Pigs
Rice Sheep Sugarcane Tulips
Turnips Wheat    

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From the Americas to Europe
Avocados Beans (kidney, navy, lima) Bell peppers Black-eyed Susans
Cacao (for chocolate) Chili peppers Corn Cotton
Marigolds Papayas Peanuts Petunias
Pineapples Poinsettias Potatoes Pumpkins
Quinine Rubber Squashes Sunflowers
Sweet potatoes Tobacco Tomatoes Turkeys
Vanilla beans Zinnias    

 

 

 

 

 

  • Part of Collection:
  • Subjects:
    Native American History, Early Exploration and Settlements, Central America, Indigenous Peoples, Columbus Day
  • Skills:
    Social Studies
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