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What Your Child Should Know by Age 5

Find the answers in our age-by-age guide to child development.
 

Learning Benefits

Hover over each Learning Benefit below for a detailed explanation.
Vocabulary
Math
Alphabet Recognition
Sharing

At age 5, your child’s sense of independence will skyrocket. Accompanying that growing independence is a sponge-like eagerness for facts about the world around them. Meanwhile, your child’s internal landscape is still ripe with imagination. This combination yields a powerful time for exploration and creativity. Prepare to watch them delight and surprise you on a daily basis.

Reading Development:

  • Enjoys being read to and pretends to read aloud from a book 
  • Can produce rhymes
  • Knows most letters and can match some letters to the sounds they make
  • Can match some written and spoken words
  • Can write some letters and numbers
  • Likes to retell simple stories and asks questions about books

Language Development:

  • Uses more description in conversations  
  • Sentences are sometimes six words or longer, with combined phrases 
  • Knows the name for most common objects 
  • Can count to 10 and knows basic colors 
  • May tell riddles and jokes (and will definitely find them funny!) 
  • Understands opposites, such as big and little or up and down (and yes and no, of course!) 

Physical Development:

  • Can swing by himself
  • Can bounce and catch a ball
  • Can build a tower with blocks (and can knock them down again!)
  • Can hop on one foot and may skip
  • Can draw simple a simple stick figure or face

Emotional Development:

  • Can take turns and share (but doesn’t always want to!) 
  • Prefers to play in smaller groups and may try to exclude others
  • Wants to feel grown up and can feel proud or embarrassed easily
  • Has a beginning sense of right and wrong
  • Can organize pretend play and invent games with other children

Find Just-Right Books

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